Use of Rough Pavement for Roads
Rough pavement, typically bricks, is used throughout the Netherlands for indicating that a road is a 30km/h zone, aiding in cars abiding that speed limit, and beautifying the streets. This treatment ties into systematic safety by using the concepts of functionality, clearly designing a road for its purpose, and predictability, ensuring that road users know how to behave based on design elements and the consistency of their implementation.
We’ve looked at various roads throughout Delft which use rough pavement for the same purpose, but in different contexts. At the intersection of Ruys de Beerenbrouckstraat and Thorbeckerstraat, the transition from asphalt on the former to bricks on the latter indicate to drivers that they are entering an access road and that they must reduce their speed from 40 km/h to 30 km/h. Additionally, this occurs on Schimmelpennick van der Oyeweg where cars travel 60 km/h on the rural asphalt section and must transition to 30 km/h on the urban section when the road material changes to brick.
Although, the continuous use of rough pavement is helpful for in reducing car speeds as it is uncomfortable for them, spot treatments, such as speed humps and raised intersections, need to be used in order to effectively reduce the cars speed. The coupling of rough pavement with spot treatments are used both of the streets mentioned above
This treatment generally trades off comfort for safety for cyclists, as not only does it make the road uncomfortable for cars if they speed, it makes it uncomfortable for cyclists. As a result the Dutch have come up with a couple of solutions to leave it uncomfortable for cars yet make it comfortable for cyclists when cyclist comfort is a priority. On Hof van Delftlaan, smooth bike lanes running through the bricks makes it more comfortable for cyclists while making it so cars are typically still using the rough pavement. a solution like this is useful for cyclist through roads where there is high bike traffic, though not useful for access roads. Another solution is wire cut bricks which aren’t as smooth as asphalt bike lanes, yet they still accomplish providing a bit more comfort for bikers.
Equally as important, bricks are widely used as the residents enjoy their neighborhoods to be aesthetically pleasing. They see asphalt as a detraction from the beauty of their neighborhood while bricks add to the livability of them.
Although widely using bricks in the States may not be ideal, the ideas of making our roads more predictable, beautiful, and safer are.