If you use Colosseum for your research, please cite the following paper:

L. Bonati, P. Johari, M. Polese, S. D’Oro, S. Mohanti, M. Tehrani-Moayyed, D. Villa, S. Shrivastava, C. Tassie, K. Yoder, A. Bagga, P. Patel, V. Petkov, M. Seltser, F. Restuccia, A. Gosain, K.R. Chowdhury, S. Basagni, T. Melodia, “Colosseum: Large-Scale Wireless Experimentation Through Hardware-in-the-Loop Network Emulation,” in Proceedings of IEEE Intl. Symp. on Dynamic Spectrum Access Networks (DySPAN), Virtual Conference, December 2021.
[pdf]
[bibtex]

Colosseum has been featured in the following publications:

  • N. Apostolakis, M. Gramaglia, L. E. Chatzieleftheriou, T. Subramanya, A. Banchs and H. Sanneck, “ATHENA: Machine Learning and Reasoning for Radio Resources Scheduling in vRAN Systems,” in IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 263-279, February 2024.
    [link]
  • D. Villa, M. Tehrani-Moayyed, C. Robinson, L. Bonati, P. Johari, M. Polese, S. Basagni, T. Melodia, “Colosseum as a Digital Twin: Bridging Real-World Experimentation and Wireless Network Emulation,” arXiv:2303.17063 [cs.NI], pp. 1-15, 2024.
    [link]
  • S. D’Oro, L. Bonati, M. Polese, T. Melodia, “OrchestRAN: Orchestrating Network Intelligence in the Open RAN,” IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, 2024.
    [link]
  • M. Tsampazi, S. D’Oro, M. Polese, L. Bonati, G. Poitau, M. Healy, and T. Melodia, “A Comparative Analysis of Deep Reinforcement Learning-based xApps in O-RAN,” Proceedings of IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, December 2023.
    [link]
  • A. Papa, P. Kutsevol, F. Mehmeti and W. Kellerer, “Delphi: Computing the Maximum Achievable Throughput in SD-RAN Environments,” in IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 4846-4860, Dec. 2023.
    [link]
  • M. Polese, M. Dohler, F. Dressler, M. Erol-Kantarci, R. Jana, R. Knopp, T. Melodia, “Empowering the 6G Cellular Architecture with Open RAN,” IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, November 2023.
    [link]
  • Maxwell McManus, Yuqing Cui, Josh (Zhaoxi) Zhang, Jiangqi Hu, Sabarish Krishna Moorthy, Nicholas Mastronarde, Elizabeth Serena Bentley, Michael Medley, Zhangyu Guan, “Digital twin-enabled domain adaptation for zero-touch UAV networks: Survey and challenges,” Computer Networks, Volume 236, November 2023.
    [link]
  • E. Moro, M. Polese, A. Capone, and T. Melodia, “An Open RAN Framework for the Dynamic Control of 5G Service Level Agreements,” Proceedings of the 2023 IEEE Conference on Network Function Virtualization and Software Defined Networks (NFV-SDN’23), Dresden, Germany, November 2023.
    [link]
  • Alicia Esquivel Morel, William Fowler, Kate Keahey, Kyle Zheng, Michael Sherman, and Richard Anderson. 2023. AutoLearn: Learning in the Edge to Cloud Continuum. In Proceedings of the SC ’23 Workshops of The International Conference on High Performance Computing, Network, Storage, and Analysis (SC-W ’23), Denver, CO, USA, November 2023.
    [link]
  • S. S. Mehjabin et al., “A Networked System Dependability Validation Framework Using Physical and Virtual Nodes,” in IEEE Access, vol. 11, pp. 127242-127254, November 2023.
    [link]
  • D. Villa, D. Uvaydov, L. Bonati, P. Johari, J. M. Jornet, and T. Melodia, “Twinning Commercial Radio Waveforms in the Colosseum Wireless Network Emulator,” Proc. of the 17th ACM Workshop on Wireless Network Testbeds, Experimental evaluation & CHaracterization (WiNTECH 2023), Madrid, Spain, October 2023.
    [link]
  • Andrea Pinto, Andrew Ashdown, Tanzil Bin Hassan, Hai Cheng, Flavio Esposito, Leonardo Bonati, Salvatore D’Oro, Tommaso Melodia, and Francesco Restuccia, “Hercules: An Emulation-Based Framework for Transport Layer Measurements over 5G Wireless Networks,” Proc. of the 17th ACM Workshop on Wireless Network Testbeds, Experimental evaluation & CHaracterization (WiNTECH 2023), Madrid, Spain, October 2023.
    [link]
  • J. Groen, B. Kim and K. Chowdhury, “The Cost of Securing O-RAN,” ICC 2023 – IEEE International Conference on Communications, Rome, Italy, October 2023.
    [link]
  • Paramvir Bahl, Matthew Balkwill, Xenofon Foukas, Anuj Kalia, Daehyeok Kim, Manikanta Kotaru, Zhihua Lai, Sanjeev Mehrotra, Bozidar Radunovic, Stefan Saroiu, Connor Settle, Ankit Verma, Alec Wolman, Francis Y. Yan, and Yongguang Zhang, “Accelerating Open RAN Research Through an Enterprise-scale 5G Testbed,” Proceedings of the 29th Annual International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking. ACM, Madrid, Spain, October 2023.
    [link]
  • Guillem Reus-Muns, Kubra Alemdar, Sara Garcia Sanchez, Debashri Roy, and Kaushik R. Chowdhury, “AirFC: Designing Fully Connected Layers for Neural Networks with Wireless Signals,” In Proceedings of the Twenty-fourth International Symposium on Theory, Algorithmic Foundations, and Protocol Design for Mobile Networks and Mobile Computing (MobiHoc ’23). ACM, Washington, DC, USA, October 2023.
    [link]
  • Hamdan MQ, Lee H, Triantafyllopoulou D, Borralho R, Kose A, Amiri E, Mulvey D, Yu W, Zitouni R, Pozza R, et al., “Recent Advances in Machine Learning for Network Automation in the O-RAN”, Sensors. October 2023.
    [link]
  • Serap Ergun, Ibrahim Sammour, Gerard Chalhoub, “A survey on how network simulators serve reinforcement learning in wireless networks,” Computer Networks, Volume 234, October 2023.
    [link]
  • Michele Polese, Xavier Cantos-Roman, Arjun Singh, Michael J Marcus, Thomas J Maccarone, Tommaso Melodia, Josep M Jornet, “Coexistence and Spectrum Sharing Above 100 GHz,” in Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 111, no. 8, pp. 928-954, August 2023.
    [link]
  • R. Rusca, F. Raviglione, C. Casetti, P. Giaccone and F. Restuccia, “Mobile RF Scenario Design for Massive-Scale Wireless Channel Emulators,” 2023 Joint European Conference on Networks and Communications & 6G Summit (EuCNC/6G Summit), Gothenburg, Sweden, July 2023.
    [link]
  • X. Mao et al., “FPGA-Based High-Performance Real-Time Emulation of Radar System Using Direct Path Compute Model,” 2023 IEEE/MTT-S International Microwave Symposium – IMS 2023, San Diego, CA, USA, July 2023.
    [link]
  • W. F. Samayoa, M. L. Crespo, A. Cicuttin and S. Carrato, “A Survey on FPGA-Based Heterogeneous Clusters Architectures,” in IEEE Access, vol. 11, pp. 67679-67706, June 2023.
    [link]
  • M. Mukherjee et al., “A High Performance Computing Architecture for Real-Time Digital Emulation of RF Interactions,” 2023 IEEE Radar Conference (RadarConf23), San Antonio, TX, USA, June 2023.
    [link]
  • A. Lacava, M. Bordin, M. Polese, R. Sivaraj, T. Zugno, F. Cuomo, T. Melodia, “ns-O-RAN: Simulating O-RAN 5G Systems in ns-3”, Proceedings of the 2023 Workshop on ns-3, WNS3 ’23, (New York, NY, USA), p. 35–44, Association for Computing Machinery, June 2023.
    [link]
  • E. Moro, G. Gemmi, M. Polese, L. Maccari, A. Capone, T. Melodia, “Toward Open Integrated Access and Backhaul with O-RAN”, Proceedings of IEEE MedComNet, Ponza, Italy, June 2023.
    [link]
  • C. Puligheddu, J. Ashdown, C. F. Chiasserini and F. Restuccia, “SEM-O-RAN: Semantic and Flexible O-RAN Slicing for NextG Edge-Assisted Mobile Systems,” IEEE INFOCOM 2023, New York City, NY, USA, May 2023.
    [link]
  • L. Baumgärtner, M. Bauer and B. Bloessl, “SUN: A Simulated UAV Network Testbed with Hardware-in-the-Loop SDR Support,” 2023 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC), Glasgow, United Kingdom, June 2023.
    [link]
  • N. Aryal, E. Bertin and N. Crespi, “Open Radio Access Network challenges for Next Generation Mobile Network,” 2023 26th Conference on Innovation in Clouds, Internet and Networks and Workshops (ICIN), Paris, France, March 2023.
    [link]
  • C. Robinson, L. Bonati, T. van Nieuwstadt, T. Reiss, P. Johari, M. Polese, H. Nguyen, C. Wat- son, T. Melodia, “eSWORD: Implementation of Wireless Jamming Attacks in a Real-World Emulated Network”, IEEE Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC), Glasgow, Scotland, March 2023.
    [link]
  • A. Dakić et al., “Hardware-in-the-Loop Framework for Testing Wireless V2X Communication,” 2023 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC), Glasgow, United Kingdom, March 2023.
    [link]
  • A. Alsoliman, F. S. Abkenar and M. Levorato, “State-Recovery Protocol for URLLC Applications in 5G Systems,” 2023 IEEE Topical Conference on Wireless Sensors and Sensor Networks, Las Vegas, NV, USA, February 2023.
    [link]
  • M. Polese, L. Bonati, S. D’Oro, S. Basagni, T. Melodia, “Understanding O-RAN: Architecture, Interfaces, Algorithms, Security, and Research Challenges”, IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, January 2023.
    [link]
  • L. Bonati, M. Polese, S. D’Oro, S. Basagni, T. Melodia, “OpenRAN Gym: AI/ML Development, Data Collection, and Testing for O-RAN on PAWR Platforms,” Computer Networks, vol. 220, pp. 1-11, January 2023.
    [link]
  • B. Azari, H. Cheng, N. Soltani, H. Li, Y. Li, M. Belgiovine, T. Imbiriba, S. D’Oro, T. Melodia, Y. Wang, P. Closas, K. Chowdhury, D. Erdogmuz, “Automated Deep Learning-based Wide-band Receiver”, Computer Networks, December 2022.
    [link]
  • N. Apostolakis, M. Gramaglia and P. Serrano, “Design and Validation of an Open Source Cloud Native Mobile Network,” in IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 60, no. 11, pp. 66-72, November 2022.
    [link]
  • F. Busacca, S. Mangione, I. Tinnirello, S. Palazzo, F. Restuccia, “SDR-LoRa: Dissecting and Implementing LoRa on Software-Defined Radios to Advance Experimental IoT Research, in Proceedings of ACM WiNTECH, Sydney, Australia, October 2022.
    [link]
  • E. Moro, M. Polese, I. Filippini, S. Basagni, A. Capone, T. Melodia, “IABEST: An Integrated Access and Backhaul 5G Testbed for Large-scale Experimentation,” Proc. of ACM MobiCom Demos, Sydney, Australia, October 2022.
    [link]
  • D. Villa, M. Tehrani-Moayyed, P. Johari, S. Basagni, T. Melodia, “CaST: A Toolchain for Creating and Characterizing Realistic Wireless Network Emulation Scenarios”, in Proceedings of ACM WiNTECH, Sydney, Australia, October 2022.
    [link]
  • S. Mohanti, C. Bocanegra, S. G. Sanchez, K. Alemdar and K. R. Chowdhury, “SABRE: Swarm-Based Aerial Beamforming Radios: Experimentation and Emulation,” in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 7460-7475, September 2022.
    [link]
  • L. Bonati, M. Polese, S. D’Oro, S. Basagni, T. Melodia, “Intelligent Closed-loop RAN Control with xApps in OpenRAN Gym,” in Proceedings of European Wireless 2022, Dresden, Germany, September 2022.
    [link]
  • N. Mastronarde et al., “RF-SITL: A Software-in-the-loop Channel Emulator for UAV Swarm Networks,” 2022 IEEE 23rd International Symposium on a World of Wireless, Mobile and Multimedia Networks (WoWMoM), Belfast, United Kingdom, August 2022.
    [link]
  • B. Keshavamurthy and N. Michelusi, “Learning-Based Spectrum Sensing and Access in Cognitive Radios via Approximate POMDPs,” in IEEE Transactions on Cognitive Communications and Networking, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 514-528, June 2022.
    [link]
  • M. Symeonides, D. Trihinas, G. Pallis, M. D. Dikaiakos, C. Psomas and I. Krikidis, “5G-Slicer: An emulator for mobile IoT applications deployed over 5G network slices,” 2022 IEEE/ACM Seventh International Conference on Internet-of-Things Design and Implementation (IoTDI), Milano, Italy, June 2022.
    [link]
  • I. F. Akyildiz, C. Han, Z. Hu, S. Nie and J. M. Jornet, “Terahertz Band Communication: An Old Problem Revisited and Research Directions for the Next Decade,” in IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol. 70, no. 6, pp. 4250-4285, June 2022.
    [link]
  • S. D’Oro, M. Polese, L. Bonati, H. Cheng, and T. Melodia, “dApps: Distributed Applications for Real-time Inference and Control in O-RAN,” IEEE Communications Magazine, 2022.
    [link]
  • S. D’Oro, L. Bonati, M. Polese, T. Melodia, “OrchestRAN: Network Automation through Orchestrated Intelligence in the Open RAN,” in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM, May 2022.
    [link]
  • L. Baldesi, F. Restuccia, T. Melodia, “ChARM: NextG Spectrum Sharing Through Data-Driven Real-Time O-RAN Dynamic Control,” in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM, May 2022.
    [link]
  • L. Bonati, M. Polese, S. D’Oro, S. Basagni, T. Melodia, “OpenRAN Gym: An Open Toolbox for Data Collection and Experimentation with AI in O-RAN,” Proc. of IEEE WCNC Workshop on Open RAN Architecture for 5G Evolution and 6G, Austin, TX, USA, April 2022.
    [link]
  • M. Polese, L. Bonati, S. D’Oro, S. Basagni, T. Melodia, “ColO-RAN: Developing Machine Learning-based xApps for Open RAN Closed-loop Control on Programmable Experimental Platforms,” IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, pp. 1-14, July 2022.
    [link]
  • L. Bonati, P. Johari, M. Polese, S. D’Oro, S. Mohanti, M. Tehrani-Moayyed, D. Villa, S. Shrivastava, C. Tassie, K. Yoder, A. Bagga, P. Patel, V. Petkov, M. Seltser, F. Restuccia, A. Gosain, K.R. Chowdhury, S. Basagni, T. Melodia, “Colosseum: Large-Scale Wireless Experimentation Through Hardware-in-the-Loop Network Emulation,” in Proceedings of IEEE Intl. Symp. on Dynamic Spectrum Access Networks (DySPAN), Virtual Conference, December 2021.
    [link]
  • L. Bonati, S. D’Oro, M. Polese, S. Basagni, and T. Melodia, “Intelligence and Learning in O-RAN for Data-driven NextG Cellular Networks,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 59, no. 10, pp. 21–27, October 2021.
    [link]
  • T. Melodia, S. Basagni, K.R. Chowdhury, A. Gosain, M. Polese, P. Johari, and L. Bonati, “Tutorial: Colosseum, the World’s Largest Wireless Network Emulator,” in Proceedings of ACM MobiCom, New Orleans, LA, USA, October 2021.
    [link]
  • B. Casasole, L. Bonati, S. D’Oro, S. Basagni, A. Capone, and T. Melodia, “QCell: Self-optimization of Softwarized 5G Networks through Deep Q-learning,” in Proceedings of IEEE GLOBECOM, Madrid, Spain, December 2021.
    [link]
  • J.M. Shea, T.F. Wong, “A Deep Q-Learning Dynamic Spectrum Sharing Experiment,” in Proceedings of IEEE ICC, Montreal, QC, Canada, August 2021.
    [link]
  • L. Bonati, S. D’Oro, S. Basagni, and T. Melodia, “SCOPE: An Open and Softwarized Prototyping Platform for NextG Systems,” in Proceedings of ACM MobiSys, Virtual Conference, June 2021.
    [link]
  • M. Tehrani-Moayyed, L. Bonati, P. Johari, T. Melodia, and S. Basagni, “Creating RF Scenarios for Large-Scale, Real-Time Wireless Channel Emulators,” in Proceedings of IEEE Mediterranean Communication and Computer Networking Conference (MedComNet), Virtual Conference, June 2021.
    [link]
  • M. Camelo, A. Shahid, J. Fontaine, F. A. Pereira de Figueiredo, E. De Poorter, I. Moerman, S. Latre, “A Semi-supervised Learning Approach towards Automatic Wireless Technology Recognition,” in Proceedings of IEEE DySPAN, Newark, NJ, USA, November 2019.
    [link]
  • P. Tilghman, “AI Will Rule the Airwaves: A DARPA Grand Challenge Seeks Autonomous Radios to Manage the Wireless Spectrum,” IEEE Spectrum, vol. 56, no. 6, pp. 28–33, May 2019.
    [link]
  • R. L. Yuan and K. M. Schmidt, “Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Spectrum Collaboration Challenge at APL: Introduction,” Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory Technical Digest, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 2–3, 2019.
    [link]
  • D. Coleman et al., “Overview of the Colosseum: The World’s Largest Test Bed for Radio Experiments,” Johns Hopkins APL Technical Digest, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory Technical Digest, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 4–11, 2019.
    [link]
  • A. S. Freeman et al., “Software Project Management for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Spectrum Collaboration Challenge,” Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory Technical Digest, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 12–21, 2019.
    [link]
  • A. T. Plummer, Jr. and K. P. Taylor, “Development and Operations on the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency’s Spectrum Collaboration Challenge,” Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory Technical Digest, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 22– 33, 2019.
    [link]
  • J. W. Mok, A. L. Hom, J. J. Uher, and D. M. Coleman, “The Resource Manager for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Spectrum Collaboration Challenge Test Bed,” Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory Technical Digest, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 34–41, 2019.
    [link]
  • D. A. White, Jr., J. E. Annis, and F. F. Johnson, “Standard Radio Nodes in the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Spectrum Collaboration Challenge,” Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory Technical Digest, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 42–48, 2019.
    [link]
  • K. J. Yim, K. R. McKeever, and D. R. Barcklow, “Incumbent Radio Systems in the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Spectrum Collaboration Challenge Test Bed,” Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory Technical Digest, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 49–57, 2019.
    [link]
  • P. D. Curtis, A. T. Plummer, Jr., J. E. Annis, andW. J. La Cholter, “Traffic Generation System for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Spectrum Collaboration Challenge,” Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory Technical Digest, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 58–68, 2019.
    [link]
  • D. Barcklow et al., “Radio Frequency Emulation System for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Spectrum Collaboration Challenge,” Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory Technical Digest, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 69–78, 2019.
    [link]
  • A. Chaudhari and M. Braun, “A Scalable FPGA Architecture for Flexible, Large-Scale, Real-Time RF Channel Emulation,” in Proceedings of IEEE ReCoSoC, pp. 1-8, 2018.
    [link]