2020

How the Psychological Manipulation of Nigerians During Colonialism Led to Nigeria’s Economic Stagnation

Presenter: Nita Akoh

Research Category: Interdisciplinary Topics, Centers and Institutes

By 2030 90% of the world’s poverty rate would come directly from Africa (World Bank. 2018). The pity that is echoed when issues relating to Africa surface is not a baffling occurrence, however, explanations for these “issues” are often ineffectual due to their lack of contextual explanations. In this research, I aim to answer questions of Africa’s poverty, particularly Nigeria’s. The first step to recognize about poverty in Africa is its systematic nature. A perfect showcase of systematic poverty is Nigeria.

Nigeria is what I refer to as an economic paradox: the biggest economy in Africa but also the poverty capital of the world (Quartz, 2018). This shows that the reason behind it’s economic stagnancy doesn’t lie in the mismanagement of funds or lack of appropriate laws, but in a system that ensures economic development doesn’t yield a lower percentage of poverty but does the opposite. In this research, I hypothesize that interference from the global north (especially during colonization) is one of the main causes for Nigeria’s caged development.

This research explores different forms of interference and its effects. However, the recurrent theme would be the effects of psychological manipulation. In order to sufficiently examine this hypothesis, the main components of psychological manipulation and its effect on the economic systems of Nigeria would be divided into two parts: social dispute and mentalization of colonialism. Both of these components would consider the holistic nature of colonialism in Africa and make attempts to debunk other hypothesis made about poverty in Africa.