Recent events in certain European countries suggest that the hatred dominating the National Socialist regime in the 1930s and 1940s did not end with the fall of the Third Reich. Coloring both criminal behavior as well as speech, anti-Semitic hate remains in Europe today as a consistent sociopolitical force. Differences between countries, regardless of their degree of participation in the Nazi Holocaust, seem to be a result of certain internal and external factors that have led to contemporary levels of anti-Jewish prejudice and hatred. The current research examines these differences in a comparative case study of anti-Semitic hate in Germany and Poland. Based on historical analysis as well as expert testimony, the research will hopefully be useful in developing more effective human rights procedures for how the international community responds to hate-motivated mass atrocities, with particular focus on hate crimes in the United States.