A New Vision for Ghana: Tailoring the Ghanaian Education System to the Needs of the Country

Research Category: Social Sciences, Business, and Law
Presenter: Priscilla Senoo
Additional Authors: Naa Momoh Odarteifio, Aida Shumburo, Christina Jackson
PI: Priscilla Senoo

Education was first introduced in Ghana by the West for missionary work and later, the creation of an elite group to run the country. Before and throughout the independence movement under Kwame Nkrumah, Ghana was a pillar of excellence in education. His vision entailed using this excellent education as a vessel to accelerate national development and identity. However, this vision was short lived due to heavy opposition from citizens who would rather model the education system off of Western theoretical learning.

After years of economic downturn and advice from the World Bank, Ghana’s government created the Education Act of 1986 under President J.J. Rawlings. The goal was to restructure the amount of time spent in school to make the educational system more cost-effective. However, this act lacking proper planning resulted in a decline in the quality of education across primary, secondary, and tertiary schools.

This has had a ripple effect that Ghana is still dealing with today. Much of the focus has been around access to education and the number of years spent in school. However, what is most detrimental to the country is that it has never created an education system tailored to the needs of Ghanaians nor had a clear vision. Our vision for Ghana’s educational system is one that trains the youth with practical skills relevant to the development of the country. This paper proposes a plan for Ghana’s education system and is a model for achieving this vision.