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Paying for Grad School: Where and How to Start

Student loan debt is growing at a rapid rate, with 44.5 million borrowers owing $1.5 trillion globally as of 2018. For many, this debt is not only a financial burden but a mental burden as well. SoFi, a private student loan lender, interviewed 1,200 of their lendees and found that over half felt anxious or depressed about their debt. The majority also reported missing out on or delaying life events, such as starting a family or buying a home, as a result of their debts. With statistics like this, it’s understandable if you’re worried about paying for graduate school.

What’s less talked about, however, is the enormous amount of student aid—a.k.a free money—that students are leaving on the table. The class of 2017, for instance, left $2.3 billion in financial aid unclaimed—simply by not filling out the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA), a free online form provided by the U.S. Department of Education.

The biggest mistake you can make is to assume you can’t afford grad school and put your educational and career dreams on hold. With time, research, and creativity, paying for graduates school—without taking on debt—is possible. Here’s how.

Where to Find Money for Grad School

It may seem like there is an abundance of financial aid for undergraduates and few financial options for students pursuing advanced degrees, but graduate financial aid is available—you just have to know where to look. In fact, between 2012 and 2017, graduate financial assistance increased by $1.3 million, and veteran benefits for graduate studies rose by $432 million.

Just because finding money for your master’s or doctoral degree requires a different approach doesn’t mean it’s impossible. Here are the best sources of financial aid available for graduate students and where to look for them.

Scholarships

Start your scholarship search with online scholarship search engines, such as Sallie Mae’s Graduate School Scholarship Search and Collegescholarship.org’s Scholarship Search Engine. There is virtually a scholarship available for every graduate student.

Consider all of these options to ensure you don’t miss out on scholarship money:

  • Your field of study: Whether you are studying biotechnology or earning your EDD, there are scholarships available in your field. Start by doing a web search for “[your field]” and “graduate scholarships.” Talk with the counselors in your prospective college department to find scholarships specific to your degree program.
  • Your ethnicity: Foundations like the Hispanic Scholarship Fund offer scholarships ranging from $500 to $5,000 to students with Hispanic heritage in any field of study. You don’t have to limit your search to your ethnicity, either. You can also find general minority scholarships that are available for a wide range of ethnicities. There are also aid opportunities for certain nationalities. For example, The National Italian American Foundation offers $2,500 to $12,000 in scholarships to Italian Americans that are members of the foundation.
  • Your university connections: You may be able to earn a graduate scholarship or tuition discount by applying to your alma mater. Northeastern, for example, offers the Double Husky Scholarship, which gives Northeastern alumni a 25 percent discount on their graduate education in over 110 eligible programs. Parents and siblings of Northeastern undergraduate students are also eligible to receive a 25 percent discount on their tuition through Northeastern’s Parent and Family Scholarship.
  • Your unique life circumstances: Do you live with disabilities or have you overcome adversity in some way? There is a good chance there is a scholarship for your unique situation. For example, individuals who were in the foster care system can look for state scholarships and national scholarships, like the Foster Care Scholarship that awards up to $90,000.
  • Federal aid: You can access federally funded scholarships simply by filling out the FAFSA. The online application will guide you through the process seamlessly.
  • State aid: Each state has a variety of financial aid allocated for its residents. Many of these awards are designated for individuals working in public service or for degrees that are in high demand in the area, in an effort to help support the state’s workforce needs. Massachusetts, for example, designates specific scholarships for residents pursuing a degree in the STEM field, in addition to other state-funded scholarship programs.
  • Local aid: Check with your city’s chamber of commerce and local businesses to see if locally funded scholarship money is available.
  • Employer-sponsored scholarships: Check with your employer’s HR department to see if scholarships are available to employees, even if you are a part-time or contract worker.

Military Benefits

If you spent time serving this country, your college costs might be covered. Look for Yellow Ribbon schools that will pay for most, if not all, of your tuition if you are a post-9/11 veteran. Northeastern has invested $2 million into the Yellow Ribbon Program, allowing nearly 500 veterans to attend the university each year for minimal to no cost. Beyond Yellow Ribbon benefits, the post-9/11 GI Bill®  and U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs offer funds that can be used to cover any remaining tuition costs, living stipends, and books.

Grants

Grants, like scholarships, do not need to be repaid upon graduation. Typically need-based, grants are awarded by the federal government, state governments, individual schools, and private organizations.

  • Federal grants: The federally funded Pell Grant is generally awarded only to undergraduate students; however, there are several federal grant programs available to graduate students, including the TEACH Grant and Fulbright Graduate Grants.
  • State grants: State-level grants are available to residents, and in some cases, residents of nearby states. For example, both Pennsylvania and Vermont award residents grant support to attend schools in Massachusetts.
  • Institutional and organizational grants: School-funded grants are given by graduate schools to encourage diversity, support field-specific research, or to help graduate students with financial need. Many private organizations also offer grants to help students pursue an education in the fields they support. Take advantage of sites like GrantForward to find these hidden sources of funding.

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Work Opportunities

Graduate students who fill out the FAFSA and demonstrate a financial need may be eligible for Federal Work-Study. This federally subsidized program provides part-time employment to students.

Depending on your university, there may be other opportunities to gain professional experience and a paycheck while in school. Forty percent of Northeastern’s graduate programs, for example, offer full-time co-op opportunities with industry leaders that allow students to pursue paid positions in their field of study for three to six months.

Teaching or Research Assistantships

Graduate students can apply for several kinds of assistantships, either upon program acceptance or at any time throughout their studies, depending on the institution. Research assistants perform research duties under faculty supervision while teaching assistants help with direct student tasks, such as grading or holding office hours. Doctoral students can also apply for Stipend Graduate Assistantships which offer health benefits, a stipend, and tuition remission, which typically waives 50 to 100 percent of tuition costs.

Tuition Reimbursement

Over 83 percent of employers offer some type of tuition reimbursement as an employee benefit, although almost 95 percent of these funds go unutilized. On average, companies spend somewhere between $5,000 and $6,999 per employee per year, which can dramatically reduce your tuition costs. Even select part-time or contract positions offer these benefits to employees. Talk to your company’s human resources department to discover if tuition benefits are available to you and how to apply for them.

If you work for a smaller company without an HR department, arrange a meeting with your boss to discuss the possibility of tuition assistance. They might have to do more research on the matter, but mention that there are tax benefits available to them if they offer partial tuition reimbursement. Share that tuition programs boost company morale, can increase employee skills directly for the company, and can even save the business money and time in regards to retaining current employees.

Student Loans

You’re likely familiar with the idea of student loans—federal or private funds that will need to be paid back, with interest, after graduation. Use tools like the FAFSA4caster to discover how much federal student loan money you qualify for. With more than 8 million borrowers in default, however, it might feel like taking out a loan is a risky move. If you do need to take out a student loan, rest assured that you can make payments on your debt while in school, which will drastically alleviate your financial burden upon graduation.

If possible, federal student loans should be favored over private student loans. Federal student loans come with lower rates, fees, and the option of income-driven repayment, so you aren’t stuck with an excessive monthly payment after graduation.

How to Increase Your Chances of Winning Aid

Treat the pursuit of financial aid as your job. Don’t rush your applications or essays and don’t reuse the same answers for different award submissions. Instead, take your time with each submission, personalizing it to that specific prize or opportunity. The judging committees for graduate scholarships, grants, and assistantships are looking for students who are as passionate about the program as they are.

Here are three tips to increase your odds of earning interest-free graduate aid:

  1. Go the extra mile: If your scholarship or grant application allows you to answer optional questions or submit extra documents, such as a personal essay, take advantage of the opportunity. A Time article reports, “Students who answer the optional questions on online scholarship matching services tend to match twice as many scholarships as those who answer just the required ones.”
  2. Apply all year long: Be on the lookout for financial aid opportunities all year long. Some scholarships or internship opportunities open up at the beginning of the year, while others align their deadlines with the school’s fall semester. New opportunities may also open up later in the school year if another student’s assistantship falls through.
  3. Stay organized: With thousands of available financial aid opportunities, it’s impossible to keep track of the details of every scholarship or program. Use a simple planner dedicated only to scholarships, grants, and other aid opportunities. Use the planner’s calendar to track submission deadlines, and make sure to mark down when you should start working on the application. Write down essential points of each aid opportunity, such as which documents to send, essay questions to answer, and reference letters to gather. Then, utilize the weekly planning pages to create an action plan to allow you to make progress on your application with the least amount of stress possible.

Career Advancement Is Always a Worthy Investment

Paying for graduate school can be daunting, but it’s possible—and worth it. With an advanced degree, you’ll enjoy increased marketability, more available job opportunities, and higher pay. In fact, master’s degree holders earn 15 percent more money annually than those with bachelor’s degrees. What’s more, you could even be eligible for a promotion within your current organization—meaning your degree might pay dividends sooner than you think.

To learn more about how to fund your Northeastern education, explore Northeastern’s graduate financial aid options or connect with a financial aid counselor to receive personalized advice.


GI Bill® is a registered trademark of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). More information about education benefits offered by VA is available at the official U.S. government website at http://www.benefits.va.gov/gibill.