The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) enacts and enforces all hazardous materials (hazmat) transportation laws in the United States. Compliance with DOT regulations is a requirement for any person who offers a hazardous material for transportation. Penalties for non-compliance with the rules are significant and could result in the following fines: Up to $250,000 and up to a year jail sentence for individuals. Up to $500,000 per incident for organizations. The Office of Environmental Health and Safety personnel have been trained and are available to help University departments in ensuring hazardous materials shipments are properly packaged, marked, labeled and have appropriate shipping papers.