For more information about the Research Seed Grants click here.
Mapping the Massachusetts Public Assistance System
Marija Bingulac and Caitlin Carey, PhD candidates in Public Policy at the University of Massachusetts Boston, are working with the On Solid Ground Coalition through the Center for Social Policy to develop a dataset of the 31 largest public assistance programs that are available to low-income families in Massachusetts, including their criteria for eligibility for services, and the extent to which they are accessed and by whom. These data will enable a detailed illustration of the social safety net in Massachusetts, as well as analyses of which families are most likely to require access to public supports, and proposals for evidence-based policy recommendations for the administration of public assistance.
Examining the Nitrogen and Phosphorus Cycle in Greater Boston
Stephen Decina, a PhD candidate in the Department of Biology at Boston University, is collecting precipitation samples and analyzing them for levels of nitrogen and phosphorus throughout the Boston region to gain an understanding of the magnitude and drivers of variation in atmospheric deposition in urban areas. Along with his advisors, Pamela Templer and Lucy Hutyra, he has also pioneered two of the first urban National Atmospheric Deposition Program National Trends Network sites in the country. The data from these initiatives will provide a deeper understanding of the biogeochemical cycling of nitrogen and phosphorus in cities, with implications for both urban ecosystems and human health. Decina will share these data with both scientists and policymakers in November at the National Atmospheric Deposition Program annual meeting, and plans to make the final data publicly available to other scientists, policymakers, and community members through BARI’s Boston Data Portal.
A Trauma Response Protocol for Neighborhood Violence
Liana Tuller, a PhD candidate in Northeastern University’s Department of Sociology, is partnering with the Boston TenPoint Coalition to conduct foundational research around collective trauma in response to neighborhood violence. The project will develop a more precise description of how neighborhoods collectively respond to ongoing violence, including a method for measuring and quantifying collective trauma. The findings will inform the development of methods that community groups might use to promote collective healing during and after periods of neighborhood violence. Tuller will draw on data from multiple existing datasets as well as conduct surveys and interviews with residents from neighborhoods affected by violence.
Late Registration in School Choice Inequality
Kelley Fong, a PhD student in Harvard’s Sociology and Social Policy program, and Sarah Faude, PhD candidate in Northeastern University’s Department of Sociology, are working with the Boston Public Schools to analyze survey and interview data on late registrants in the school choice and assignment lottery. Families who register later are, by design, less able to secure seats in desirable schools. Utilizing existing data and surveys gathered from the summers of 2014 and 2015 in collaboration with BPS Welcome Centers, they plan to investigate the role of timing in school choice and registration, culminating in a policy brief and academic paper(s).
Evaluating Neighborhoods and Neighborhood Programs
Sandeep Jani, a PhD student in the Department of Public Policy and Public Affairs at UMass Boston’s McCormack Graduate School of Policy and Global Studies, is working with Main Streets Boston to determine the kinds of indicators that would they would find most valuable in evaluating the status of neighborhoods and the effectiveness of their programs. These conversations are anticipated to lead to the identification of data sources that might provide indicators that fit these areas of interest.
Boston’s Urban Land Cover and the Urban Heat Island
Andrew Trlica, a PhD student in Boston University’s Department of Earth and Environment, is examining the relationship between increasing temperatures and the urban landscape in the Boston metropolitan area with unprecedented spatial precision. Trlica will use both novel and publically available geospatial data on Boston’s land cover, albedo (i.e., reflected sunlight), population distribution, and summer daytime surface temperature to understand the land cover characteristics that determine albedo and its contribution to the Urban Heat Island effect. The project will produce a set of interactive public maps that will communicate the different components of the urban surface environment, and will hopefully initiate a data-driven discussion on local land-use and construction policies in relation to the consequences of climate change for Boston.
The Distribution of Arts and Cultural Venues and Events
Caitlin Bettisworth, a masters student in Urban and Environmental Policy and Planning at Tufts University, who is used an events calendar maintained by ArtsBoston, a nonprofit group representing more than 170 arts and cultural groups, to examine the distribution of arts and cultural venues and events in the greater Boston area as part of her thesis on the lifecycle of gentrification.
Demographic Transformations in Boston Neighborhoods, 1880-1930
Cristina Groeger a doctoral student in history at Harvard, who used individual census records to examine shifts in demographics and industry and their resultant impact on the uptake of public education across Boston neighborhoods between 1880 and 1930. Data from that project, which shows the dramatic demographic transformations in Boston’s neighborhoods that occurred between 1880 and 1930 are now available on the Boston Research Map and in the Boston Data Library.
Infrastructure and Interactions
Melissa Sands, a doctoral student in government at Harvard, who used multiple databases, including a several provided by the City of Boston, to identify components of the physical infrastructure that influence the potential for contact between residents and their neighbors, and to quantify this likelihood of interaction across the city.