Normal Motor Development: An Essential Component of Interprofessional Education In Early Intervention

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In 1986, Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) established the Early Intervention (EI) program. æThis multidisciplinary program serves infants and toddlers who are at risk for developmental delay or who have known disabilities and their families. Services are designed to support development in various domains including motor development. ææPURPOSE: This project aims to describe the training requirements of EI practitioners and the education they receive in early motor development. æMETHODS: A literature review was conducted using CINAHL and MEDLINE databases. State government web sites were identified to obtain information on EI personnel training requirements. æRESULTS: The literature supports education of EI personnel on motor development. However, preliminary results from this review indicate that typical motor development is not a component of education found across all disciplines of EI practitioners. æIntra-state variation regarding the inclusion of early motor development as an integral component in the training and education of EI practitioners exist. æææDISCUSSION: Physical skill development is among the five developmental areas clinicians address for children in need of EI services. Given that providers of EI services represent an interdisciplinary team, motor development education is of critical importance for all disciplines that interact with these children. æThe results of this project support the development of an instructional video on the motor development of infants and toddlers for EI providers.