Life Cycle Assessment of Li-ion Nanobatteries and PSL Biosensors

Abstract

Life Cycle Assessment of Li-ion Nanobatteries and PSL Biosensors Ali Hakimian, Jacqueline A. Isaacs Innovative nanotechnologies have led to the creation of wide variety of materials (nanoparticles, nanopowders, nanotubes etc.) that are used in different products such as sensors and batteries. New generation of lithium-ion batteries enhanced with carbon nanotubes that has a much greater energy density than the common lithium-ion batteries. A controlled directed assembly process is under development with preliminary estimates showing that the power density will increase by two orders of magnitude, reducing the charging time of a typical laptop battery from hours to minutes. Biosensors play a crucial role in detection of different elements; biosensors at the nanoscale offer enhanced detection capabilities. Improvements in biosensors can aid in early cancer detection. A preliminary life cycle assessment (LCA) for Protein Stabilized Liposome (PSL) biosensors and lithium-ion batteries was used to explore the nanomanufacturing phase of their life cycle. Life cycle inventory data were collected for all of the inputs (raw materials, energy and equipment used) and outputs (emissions to land, water and air) by observation of laboratory scale processes and discussions with researchers. Use of SimaPro