Effects of a 10 week exercise program on cardiovascular risk factors and biometrics

Abstract

Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a rising issue among American citizens. The Framingham Heart Study has identified Body Mass Index (BMI) and Blood Pressure (BP) to be among modifiable risk factors to prevent CVD.1 Previous studies have also found a correlation between CVD and waist-to-hip ratio. It is hypothesized that increasing exercise frequency through implementation of a comprehensive health and wellness initiative will result in the improvement of cardiovascular risk factor score along with decreases in BMI, BP, and waist circumference. Methods: BMI, BP, waist-to-hip ratio, and demographics were collected pre and post a 10 week exercise program throughout which exercise frequency was recorded. This data was used to calculate the participants’ 10-year cardiovascular risk factor scores using the Framingham Heart Study General CVD Risk Prediction equation. Correlations and significance will be assessed using SPSS 18 statistical software. Results: After 10 weeks, participants completed both pre and post assessments and the average changes were as follows: a 3% decrease in BMI, 7.6% decrease in waist-to-hip ratio, 44% of participants improved their cardiovascular risk factor score, and 51% of participants improved their BP. Conclusion: The correlation between cardiovascular risk factor score and a 10 week comprehensive health and wellness program will be calculated. The significance of this correlation will be analyzed to examine the impact of exercise frequency on positive health changes. 1. Wolf PA, D’Agostino RB, Belanger AJ, Kannel WB. Probability of stroke: a risk profile from the Framingham Study. Stroke (00392499). 1991;22(3):312-318.