Association between Sport Hand Dominance and Hip Pathologies in Collegiate and Professional Athletes

Abstract

Context: Previous research shows hip injuries have been rated between 3% and 14% of all athletic injuries. It has also found that athletes will have physiological differences between their dominant and nondominant sides. Athletes participating in lateral sports, such as field hockey and ice hockey, have a significantly higher occurrence of hip asymmetries, which is thought to be due to lateral and rotational demands. However there is little research pertaining to the relationship between external factors and hip pathologies in athletes. æObjective: To determine if there is a relationship between factors pertaining to hip injuries in athletes, including the type of hip pathology, the side of injury, sport hand dominance, the sport played, and gender. æMethods: Certified athletic trainers for football, ice hockey, lacrosse, and field hockey at the NCAA Division One and professional levels were invited to complete a web-based survey about each athlete that fit the inclusion criteria. 85 complete responses were collected. Statistical analysis was completed using SPSS version 18. æResults: A Chi-squared test for independence showed significant association between gender and hip pathology (p=0.006), sport and hip pathology (p=0.003), side of injury and sport (excluding field hockey) (p=0.047), and sport hand dominance and hip pathology (p=0.040). æConclusion: Sport, gender, and sport hand dominance are significant factors in affecting the type of hip pathology an athlete will develop. It was found that the sport an athlete participates in has an effect on the side of their hip pathology.