The Effects of Exercise on Physical and Perceived Health

Abstract

Introduction: Over the past few decades, there has been a rise in obesity and cardiovascular disease throughout the United States, a burden which has caused depression, anxiety, stress, and an ultimate interference with recovery. Perception of one’s health status strongly impacts the degree and longevity of these secondary complications. Though there is strong evidence to support the use of exercise as a prevention of chronic disease, there is limited support of the effect of exercise on perceived health. This study aims to find a positive correlation between perceived health and physical activity. Methods: Sixty-three subjects from a small business were given the SF-36 Questionnaire along with assessing their body mass index, demographics and physical fitness measurements, pre and post one 10 week fitness regime. At the conclusion, forty-nine subjects’ data was analyzed and compared to demonstrate the effect of implementing exercise on physical and perceived health. Statistical correlation was interpreted using the SPSS 18. Results: Of the sixty three subjects that performed the baseline measurements, forty nine returned at the end of the ten week program. There was an average 3% decrease in BMI, with an average of 36.49 workouts per subject. There was an average improvement of 8 points per person in the SF-36, with a 6 point improvement in emotional well being and a 15 point improvement in energy. Conclusion: Analytical data suggests a moderate improvement in perceived health with exercise. Statistical significance and correlations will be assessed.