Are Concussion Education Laws Increasing the Knowlege of High School Coaches, Athletes and Parents?

Abstract

Are Concussion Education Laws Increasing the Knowledge of High School Coaches, Athletes, and Parents? Chris Hippenmeyer, Devin King-Pierre, Jamie Musler, LPD, ATC æIntroduction: æIn recent years, states have passed laws at an unprecedented rate requiring concussion education programs. The effectiveness of these has not been evaluated to determine the public health impact and there is no research on whether knowledge about concussions is actually improving as a result of the public policy impact of the laws. This research investigated the public policy impact of concussion laws by testing the knowledge of concussions in participants from states with and without concussion legislation requiring education programs as a means to improve knowledge about concussion. Methods: æA broadcast email was sent to high school coaches in 15 states, 8 with and 7 without concussion laws requiring mandatory education. Coaches were asked to forward the introductory email with a link to the survey to parents/guardians and athletes over the age of 18. æAll data were collected from the online survey platform SurveyMonkeyTM. Results: æPreliminary analyses using a t-test suggest there is no significant difference (p=0.33) in the knowledge survey results of subjects from states with mandatory concussion education programs when compared to the results of subjects from states without education programs. æDiscussion: æThe results suggest the education requirements included in concussion laws are not effective at increasing knowledge about concussion. Further research is needed to determine which parts of the concussion laws must be adjusted to increase effectiveness in increasing concussion knowledge.