Below are peer-reviewed publications that were carried out with support from PROTECT, award number P42ES017198 from the National Institute Of Environmental Health Sciences.  Please see our other publications/presentations list here and related work prior to PROTECT funding here.

Accepted or In Press

  1. Project 5: Yuan, S., P. Liao, and A. N. Alshawabkeh (2014) “Electrolytic Manipulation of Persulfate Reactivity by Iron Electrodes for TCE Degradation in Groundwater” accepted, Environ. Sci. Technol.
  2. Project 3: Yao, Y., Wang, P., Giese, R. W. (2013) Evaporative Derivatization of Phenols with 2-Sulfobenzoic Anhydride for Detection by MALDI-MS, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., in press.
  3. Project 1: Ferguson KK, McElrath TF, Meeker JD. Environmental phthalate exposure is associated with increased odds of preterm birth. JAMA Pediatr, In Press. PMCID In Process.
  4. Project 1: Fortenberry GZ, Meeker JD, Sánchez BN, Barr DB, Panuwet P, Bellinger D, Schnaas L,  Solano-González M, Ettinger AS, Hernandez-Avila M, Hu H, Tellez-Rojo MM. Urinary 3, 5, 6-trichloro-2-pyridinol (TCPY) in pregnant women from Mexico City: distribution, temporal variability, and relationship with child attention and hyperactivity. Int J Hyg Environ Health, In Press.
  5. Project 1: Cantonwine DE, Hauser R, Meeker JD. Bisphenol A and Human Reproductive Health. Expert Rev Obstet Gynecol; In Press. PMCID PMC3811157
  6. Project 1: Ferguson KK, O’Neill MS, Meeker JD. Environmental chemical exposures and preterm birth: A comprehensive review. J Toxicol Environ Health B Crit Rev, In Press. PMCID In Process.
  7. Project 5: Mao X., Baek K., and Alshawabkeh A. N. (2013) “Modified iron electrocoagulation process for removal of mixtures of aqueous contaminants.” Journal of Environmental Engineering and Management. In press.


  1. Project 1, Project 4, Project 5, Core C: Cantonwine DE, Cordero JF, Rivera-Gonzalez LO, Anzalota Del-Toro LV, Ferguson KK, Mukherjee B, Calafat AM, Ye X, Crespo N, Jimenez-Velez B, Padilla IY, Alshawabkeh AN, Meeker JD. Urinary phthalate metabolite concentrations among pregnant women in Puerto Rico: Distribution, temporal variability, and predictors. Environ Int, 2014; 62C:1-11.


  1. Project 5: Baek, K., A Ciblak, X Mao, EJ Kim, A Alshawabkeh (2013) “Iron Anode Mediated Transformation of Selenate in Sand Columns,” Water Research, 47(17), pp. 6538–6545.
  2. Project 5: Xie, W., S Yuan, X Mao, W Hu, P Liao, M Tong, AN Alshawabkeh (2013) “Electrocatalytic Activity of Pd-loaded Ti/TiO2 Nanotubes Cathode for TCE Reduction in Groundwater,” Water research, 47(11), pp. 3573-3582.
  3. Project 5: Yuan, S., Gou, N., Alshawabkeh, A. N. and Gu, A. Z. (2013) “Efficient degradation of contaminants of emerging concerns by a new electro-Fenton process with Ti/MMO cathode,” Chemosphere, 93(11), pp. 2796–2804.
  4. Project 3, Project 5: Yuan, S., M Chen, X Mao, AN Alshawabkeh (2013) “Effects of Reduced Sulfur Compounds on Pd-catalytic Hydrodechlorination of TCE in Groundwater by Cathodic H2 under Electrochemically-induced Oxidizing Conditions,” Environ. Sci. Technol., 2013, 47 (18), pp 10502–10509.
  5. Project 3: Peluso, M. E. M., Munnia, A., Bollati, V., Srivatanakul, P., Jedpiyawongse, A., Sangrajrang, S., Ceppi, M., Giese, R. W., Boffetta, P., Baccarelli, A. A. (2013) Aberrant Methylation of Hypermethylated-in-Cancer-1 and Exocyclic DNA Adducts in Tobacco Smokers, Toxicol. Sci.135, 241. doi: 10.1093/toxsci/kft241.
  6. Project 3: Kautz, R., Wang, P., Giese, R.W. (2013) NMR at the Picomole Level of a DNA Adduct, Chem. Res. Toxicol., 26, 1424-1429. PMCID: 24028148.
  7. Project 2: Boldenow, E, Jones, S, Lieberman, R.W., Chames, M.C., Aronoff, D.M., Xi, C. and Loch-Caruso, R. Antimicrobial peptide response to Group B Streptococcus in human extraplacental membranes in culture. Placenta. 34(6):480-5, 2013. PMCID: PMC3664555.
  8. Project 1: Sun Z, Tao Y, Li S, Ferguson KK, Meeker JD, Park SK, Batterman S, Mukherjee B. Statistical strategies for constructing health risk models with multiple pollutants and their interactions: possible choices and comparisons. Environ Health, 2013; 12(1):85.
  9. Project 1: Tellez-Rojo MM, Cantoral A, Cantonwine DE, Schnaas L, Hu H, Peterson K, Meeker JD. Effect of prenatal phthalate exposure on neurodevelopment of children between two to three years of age. Sci Total Environ, 2013; 461-462C:386-390.
  10. Project 1: Lewis RC, Meeker JD, Peterson KE, Cantoral A, Schnaas L, Tellez-Rojo MM. Predictors of urinary bisphenol A and phthalate metabolite concentrations in Mexican children. Chemosphere, 2013; 93(10)2390-2398.
  11. Project 1: Meeker JD, Benedict MD. Infertility, Pregnancy Loss and Adverse Birth Outcomes in Relation to Maternal Secondhand Tobacco Smoke Exposure. Curr Womens Health Rev, 2013; 9(1):41-49. PMCID PMC3718565.
  12. Project 1: Koeppe ES, Ferguson KK, Colacino J, Meeker JD. Relationship between Urinary Triclosan and Paraben Concentrations and Serum Thyroid Measures in NHANES 2007-2008. Sci Total Environ, 2013; 445-446:299-305. PMCID PMC3572338.
  13. Project 2: Tetz L., Kamau P.W., Cheng A.A., Meeker J.D., and Loch-Caruso R. “Troubleshooting the dichlorofluorescein assay to avoid artifacts in measurement of toxicant-stimulated cellular production of reactive oxidant species.”J Pharmacol Toxicol Methods. 2013 Mar-Apr;67(2):56-60. Epub 2013 Feb 4. PMID: 23380227.
  14. Project 4: Anaya A., Padilla I., Macchiavelli R., and Vesper D., “Estimating Preferential Flow in Karst Aquifers using statistical mixed models.” Ground Water. 2013 Jun 26. doi: 10.1111/gwat.12084.
  15. Project 1,  Project 2Project 3: Tetz L.M., Cheng A., Korte C., Giese R., Wang P., Harris C., Meeker J.D., Loch-Caruso, R. “Mono-2-ethylhexyl phthalate induces oxidative stress responses in human placental cells in vitro.” Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2013 Apr 1;268(1):47-54. Epub 2013 Jan 27.  PMID: 23360888, PMCID: PMC3657603.
  16. Project 3: Peluso M., Munnia A., Ceppi M., Giese R. W., Catelan D., Rusconi F., Godschalk R. W. L., Biggeri A. “Malondialdehyde-deoxyguanosine and bulky DNA adducts in school children resident in the proximity to the Sarroch Industrial Estate on Sardinia Island, Italy” Mutagenesis. 2013 May;28(3):315-21. Epub 2013 Feb 27.  PMID: 23446175 PMCID: PMC3630521.
  17. Project 1: Meeker, J.; Cantonwine, D.; Rivera-Gonzalez, L.; Ferguson, K.; Mukherjee, B.; Calafat, A.; Ye, X.; Anzalota Del Toro, L.; Crespo, N.; Jimenez-Velez, B.; Alshawabkeh, A.; Cordero, J., ”Distribution, variability and predictors of urinary concentrations of phenols and parabens among pregnant women in Puerto Rico”, Environmental Science & Technology 2013 Apr 2;47(7):3439-47. PMID: 23469879, PMCID: PMC3638245.
  18. Project 5: Yuan S., Chen M., Mao X., Alshawabkeh A. N., “A Three-electrode Column for Pd-Catalytic Oxidation of TCE in Groundwater with Automatic pH-regulation and Resistance to Reduced Sulfur Compound Foiling.” Water Res. Jan 2013 1;47(1):269-78. Epub 2012 Oct 13. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2012.10.009. PMID: 23121896.
  19. Project 5Project 4: Baek K., Kasem N., Ciblak A., Vesper D., Padilla I., Alshawabkeh A.N. “Electrochemical removal of selenate from aqueous solutions.” Chemical Engineering Journal. Jan 2013. Vol. 215-216, 678-684.]. PMID: 23378820 PMCID: PMC3559022. NIHMSID434684.


  1. Project 1: Meeker JD, Ferguson KK. Male Reproductive Tract Disorders. In: Weiss B (ed). Aging and Vulnerability to Environmental Chemicals. Royal Society of Chemistry. Cambridge, UK: 2012.
  2. Project 1, Project 2, Project 3, Project 4, Project 5, Core C, Core D, Core B, Core E: Cordero JF, Meeker JD, Sheahan T, Padilla I, Giese R, Silevitch MB, Loch-Caruso R, Kaeli D, Alshawabkeh A. Case Study: Puerto Rico Testsite for Exploring Contamination Threats. Geotechnical Special Publication (225  GSP):3553-3562.
  3. Project 3: Wang P., Gao J., Li G., Shimelis O., Giese R.W. “Nontargeted Analysis of DNA Adducts by Mass-Tag MS: Reaction of p-Benzoquinone with DNA.” Chem. Res. Toxicol. Dec 2012. 25, 2737-2743. PMID: 23113579 PMCID: PMC3527073.
  4. Project 5: Sarahney H., Mao X.,  Alshawabkeh A. N. “The Role of Iron Anode Oxidation on Transformation of Chromium by Electrolysis.” Electrochimica Acta, Dec 2012. V. 86, 96-101. PMID: 23284182 PMCID: PMC3532856; NIHMSID: 396434; Publ.ID: EA18970.
  5. Project 5Project 4Project 2: Mao X., Yuan S., Fallahpour N., Ciblak A., Howard J., Padilla I., Loch-Caruso R., Alshawabkeh A. N. “Electrochemically induced dual reactive barriers for transformation of TCE and mixture of contaminants in groundwater.” Environ Sci Technol, Nov 2012. 6;46(21):12003-11. Epub 2012 Oct 15. PMCID: PMC3493133 DOI: 10.1021/es301711a.
  6. Project 1: Ferguson K.K., Hauser R., Altshul L., Meeker J.D. “Serum concentrations of p,p’-DDE, HCB, PCBs and reproductive hormones among men of reproductive age.” Reprod Toxicol. Nov 2012. 34(3):429-435. PMID: 22564984. PMCID: PMC3419818
  7. Project 4: Latorre I., Hwang S., Montalvo R. “Isolation and Molecular Identification of Landfill Bacteria Capable of Growing on Di-(2-ethylhexyl) Phthalate and Deteriorating PVC Materials”. Journal of Environmental Science and Health. 2012. Part A 47(14), 2254-2264.PMID: 22934997 PMCID: PMC3432978
  8. Project 4: Ghasemizadeh R., Hellweger F., Butscher C., Padilla I., Vesper D., Field M., Alshawabkeh A. N. ”Review: Groundwater flow and transport modeling of karst aquifers, with particular reference to the North Coast limestone aquifer system of Puerto Rico.” Hydrogeology Journal. Dec 2012. Volume 20, Issue 8, pp 1441-1461. DOI: 10.1007/s10040-012-0897-42012. NIHMSID 429981.
  9. Project 1:Wickerham E.L., Lozoff B., Shao J., Kaciroti N., Xia Y., Meeker J.D.  ”Reduced birth weight in relation to pesticide mixtures detected in cord blood of full-term infants.”  Environ Int. 2012 Oct 15;47:80-5. Epub 2012 Jul 13.  PMID: 22796478 PMCID: PMC3410737.
  10. Project 5: Mao X., Wang J., Ciblak A., Cox E. E., Riis C., Terkelsen M., Gent D. B., Alshawabkeh A. N.  ”Electrokinetic-enhanced bioaugmentation for remediation of chlorinated solvents contaminated clay.”  J Hazard Mater. Apr 2012. 30;213-214:311-7. Epub 2012 Feb 9.  PMID: 22365139, PMCID: PMC3310245; Publ.ID: HAZMAT13988.
  11. Project 1: Meeker J.  ”Environmental Endocrine Disruptors and Child Health,” Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. Jun 2012 1;166(6):E1-7.  PMID: 22664748. NIHMSID: 440037.
  12. Project 5: Wu X., Gent D. B., Davis J.L., Alshawabkeh A. N. ”Lactate Injection by Electric Currents for Bioremediation of Tetrachloroethylene in Clay.” Electrochimica Acta. Dec 2012. V. 86, 157-163. PMID: 23264697 PMCID: PMC3524988 NIHMSID: 394601.
  13. Project 3: Wang P., Fisher D., Rao A., Giese R. ”Nontargeted Nucleotide Analysis Based on Benzoylhistamine Labeling-MALDI-TOF/TOF-MS: Discovery of Putative 6-Oxo-Thymine in DNA.” Anal Chem. Apr 2012. 17;84(8):3811-9. Epub 2012 Apr 2.  PMID: 22409256, PMCID: PMC3341171
  14. Project 1: Fortenberry G.Z., Hu H., Turyk M., Barr D. B., Meeker J. D. “Association between urinary 3, 5, 6-trichloro-2-pyridinol, a metabolite of chlorpyrifos and chlorpyrifos-methyl, and serum T4 and TSH in NHANES 1999-2002.” Sci Total Environ. May 2012. 1;424:351-5. Epub 2012 Mar 17. PMID: 22425279, PMCID: PMC3327766
  15. Project 5: Gent D. B., Wani A., Alshawabkeh A. N.  “Experimental Design for One Dimensional Electrolytic Reactive Barrier for Remediation of Munition Constituent in Groundwater”, Electrochimica Acta. Dec 2012. V. 86, 130-137.NIHMSID: 375090.
  16. Project 1: Meeker J. D., Ferguson K. K. “Phthalates: Human exposure and related health effects.” Dioxins and Persistent Organic Pollutants: Health and Toxicity, Third Edition. Mar 2012.
  17. Project 4: Latorre I., Hwang S., Sevillano M. Montalvo R. “PVC Biodeterioration and DEHP Leaching by DEHP-degrading Bacteria.” International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation. Apr 2012. Volume 69, Pages 73–81. PMID: 22736894 PMCID: PMC3377483. NIHMSID: 353794.
  18. Project 5Project 4: Ciblak A., Mao X., Padilla I., Vesper D., Alshawabkeh I., Alshawabkeh A. N. “Electrode effects on temporal changes in pH and redox potential in electrolytes for water treatment.” Environmental Science and Health Part A. 2012. Volume 47, Issue 5, pp 718-726.  PMID22416866, PMC3329560
  19. Project 1: Meeker J.D., Calafat A.M., Hauser R. “Urinary phthalate metabolites and their biotransformation products: predictors and temporal variability among men and women.” J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol. Jul 2012. 22(4):376-85. doi: 10.1038/jes.2012.7. Epub 2012 Feb 22. PMID:22354176, PMCID: PMC3412392.
  20. Project 5: Yuan S., Mao X., Alshawabkeh A. ”Efficient Degradation of TCE in Groundwater Using Pd and Electro-generated H2 and O2: A Shift in Pathway from Hydrodechlorination to Oxidation in the Presence of Ferrous Ions.” Environmental Science & Technology. Mar 2012. Volume 46, Number, pp 3398–3405.  PMID: 22315993, PMCID: PMC3319670; NIHMSID: 361009.
  21. Project 5Project 2: Mao X., Ciblak A., Baek K., Amiri M., Loch-Caruso R., Alshawabkeh, A. N. “Optimization of electrochemical dechlorination of trichloroethylene in reducing electrolytes,” Water Research. Apr 2012. Volume 46, Issue 6 Pages 1847–1857. PMID: 22264798 PMCID: PMC3288245.
  22. Project 5:  Paz-Garcia J. M., Baek K., Alshawabkeh I. D., Alshawabkeh A. N. “A Generalized  Model for Enhanced Transport of Contaminants in Soil by Electric Fields.” Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A. 2012. Volume 47, Issue 2. PMID: 22242884 PMCID: PMC3267327
  23. Project 1Project 2: Ferguson K., Loch-Caruso R., Meeker J.  ”Exploration of oxidative stress and inflammatory markers in relation to urinary phthalate metabolites: NHANES 1999-2006.”  Environmental Science & Technology. Jan 2012. 46(1):477-85. Epub 2011 Dec 1.  PMID: 22085025, PMCID: PMC3258337.
  24. Project 3:  Peluso M., Munnia A., Piro S., Jedpiyawongse A., Sangrajrang S., Giese R.W., Ceppi M., Boffetta P., Srivatanakul P. “Fruit and vegetable and fried food consumption and 3-(2-deoxy-β-D-erythro-pentafuranosyl)pyrimido[1,2-α]purin-10(3H)-one deoxyguanosine adduct formation”, Free Radical Research. Jan 2012. 46(1):85-92. Epub 2011 Dec 1. PMID: 22081860 PMCID: PMC3293701.


  1. Project 4: Padilla I. “Historical Contamination Of Groundwater Resources In The North Coast Karst Aquifers Of Puerto Rico.” Dimension, a publication of the Puerto Rico Professional College of Engineers and Land Surveyors.PMCID: in process. NIHMSID: 362710.
  2. Project 1: Meeker J.D., Ferguson K.K. “Relationship between Urinary Phthalate and Bisphenol A Concentrations and Serum Thyroid Measures in U.S. Adults and Adolescents from NHANES 2007-08.” Environ Health Perspect. 2012. PMCID: PMC3230451.
  3. Project 5: Mao X., Ciblak A., Amiri M., Alshawabkeh A.N.  ”Redox Control for Electrochemical Dechlorination of Trichloroethylene in Bicarbonate Aqueous Media.“ Environ Sci Technol. Jul 2011. PMCID: PMC3150566.
  4. Project 3: Pelluso M., Munnia A., Risso G.G., Piro S., Ceppi M., Giese R. W., Brancato B. “Breast fine-needle aspiration malondialdehyde deoxyguanosine adduct in breast cancer.” Free Radical Research. Apr 2011. 45(4):477-82. Epub 2011 Jan 21. PMID: 21250785 PMCID: PMC3315697.
  5. Project 1, Project 2: Ferguson K.K., Loch-Caruso R., Meeker J.D. “Urinary phthalate metabolites in relation to biomarkers of inflammation and oxidative stress: NHANES 1999-2006.” Environ Res. Jul 2011. 111(5):718-26. Epub 2011 Feb 23. PMID: 21349512 PMCID: PMC3110976.


  1. Project 2: Thiex N.W., Chames M.C., Loch-Caruso R.K. “Tissue-specific induction of COX-2 and prostaglandins in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated extraplacental human gestational membranes in a 2-chamber transwell culture system.”  Reprod Sci. Dec 2012. 17(12):1120-9. Epub 2010 Sep 22. PMID: 20861394 PMCID: PMC3096444.
  2. Project 3: Bono R., Romanazzi V., Munnia A., Piro S., Allione A., Ricceri F., Guarrera S., Pignata C., Matullo G., Wang P., Giese R.W., Peluso M. “Malondialdehyde-Deoxyguanosine Adduct Formation in Workers of Pathology Wards: The Role of Air Formaldehyde Exposure.” Chemical Research in Toxicology. Aug 2010. 23(8):1342-1348. PMID: 2070740. PMCID: PMC2924748doi:10.1021/tx100083x.
  3. Project 1: Cantonwine D., Meeker J., Hu H., Sanchez B., Lamadrid-Figueroa H., Mercado-Garcia A., Fortenberry G., Calafat A., Tellez-Rojo M.M. “Bisphenol A exposure in Mexico City and risk of prematurity: a pilot nested case control study.” Environmental Health. Oct 2012. 9:62. PMID: 20955576 PMCID: PMC2965706doi:10.1186/1476-069x-9-62


  1. Project 1: Meeker J.D., Hu H., Cantonwine D.E, Lamadrid-Figueroa H., Calafat A.M., Ettinger A.S., Hernandez-Avila M., Loch-Caruso R., Tellez-Rojo M.M. “Urinary phthalate metabolites in relation to preterm birth in Mexico City.” Environ Health Perspect. Oct 2009. 117 (10). PMID: 20019910 PMCID: PMC 20019910