Are you interested in learning more about how the work PROTECT is doing applies to you, your family, and your community? Please take a look at the links below for information about:
What is a Superfund?
Superfund is the name given to the environmental program established to address abandoned hazardous waste sites. It is also the name of the fund established by the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) of 1980. This law was enacted in the wake of the discovery of toxic waste dumps such as Love Canal and Times Beach in the 1970s. It allows the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to clean up such sites and to compel responsible parties to perform cleanups or reimburse the government for EPA-lead cleanups.
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Webpage on Superfund Program
- EPA Map of Superfund Sites in the United States
- New York Times Superfund Information
- How close are you to a Superfund Site?
Groundwater and Chemicals that PROTECT is Studying
PROTECT goal is to investigate the causal relationships between environmental pollutants and preterm birth. Puerto Rico has been selected as a testsite because it has one of the highest rates of preterm birth (~15%) among the states and territories of the U.S., and because of the extent of hazardous waste contamination on the island (16 active Superfund sites).
Learn more about contaminants of concern and groundwater vulnerability to contamination in the karst areas (e.g. northern Puerto Rico).
- What is trichloroethylene or TCE? Information Sheet produced by the University of Arizona
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Webpage on TCE in drinking water
Adverse Effects of Contaminants on Your Health: Preterm Birth
Preterm birth is a major and costly health problem in the United States. Resulting in significant infant and maternal morbidity and mortality, it is the leading cause of neonatal mortality in the US, contributing to over one-third of infant deaths.
Learn more here about the environmental pollutants influence on reproductive health, preterm birth and other adverse birth outcomes.
- March of Dimes Information on Preterm Birth
The MoD is a non-profit that looks to reduce the preterm birth rate. See the 2013 preterm birth report here.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Information on Preterm Birth
The CDC is a federal government agency charged with protecting public health and safety.
Información en Español
Por favor, visita recursos para el público e los medios.