Rehabilitation

Each patient’s rehabilitation is different based on his or her own individual needs. The main goals of rehabilitation are to:

  1. Maximize functional outcomes to be as independent as possible
  2. Maximize quality of life
  3. Maximize community participation

Following a TBI, an interprofessional team of experts (e.g., health care professionals, educators, and advocates) work with the survivor, involved family, and others to achieve these three main goals.

Rehabilitation may involve many levels of care and will vary across individuals based on such factors as injury severity, patient/family preferences, and interprofessional team recommendations.  One common pathway is as follows:

  1. After an injury, a person may be admitted to an acute care facility (ER, inpatient, and/or outpatient);
  2. Once medically stable and able to participate in therapy, a person may be transferred to an acute rehabilitation hospital, sub-acute facility, or chronic care facility as an inpatient;
  3. Following inpatient rehabilitation, a person may be discharged and begin outpatient day treatment, outpatient therapy, or home-based health services;
  4. Over time, a person may engage increasingly in the community (e.g., independent living and school/work/social activities).

Levels of care are described in detail in the following web links: