A third reason: improving the per­for­mance of black, Latino and lower-​​income kids requires par­tic­ular atten­tion to boys. Black women are nearly twice as likely to earn a col­lege degree as black men. At some his­tor­i­cally black col­leges, the gap is astounding: Fisk is now 64 female; Howard, 67 per­cent; Clark Atlanta, 75 per­cent. The econ­o­mist Andrew M. Sum and his col­leagues at the Center for Labor Market Studies at North­eastern Uni­ver­sity exam­ined the Boston Public Schools and found that for the grad­u­ating class of 2007, there were 191 black girls for every 100 boys going on to attend a four-​​year col­lege or uni­ver­sity. Among His­panics, the ratio was 175 girls for every 100 boys; among whites, 153 for every 100.


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