Research & Technical Reports

National Opinion Research Center, 2008. Finding Victims of Human Trafficking
The National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago released this study in response to a congressional mandate. The purpose of this research is to 1) Identify victims and potential victims of domestic trafficking; 2) Determine whether victims have been identified as such by law enforcement; and 3) Explore differences between sex trafficking and unlawful commercial sex. With data from 60 counties across the United States, researchers were able to conclude there is ambiguity between different forms of trafficking as well as types of victimization.

ICF, International, 2008. Prosecuting Human Trafficking Cases: Lessons Learned and Promising Practice
This study examines the effects of existing federal and state legislation from a prosecution perspective. Authors identify challenges that arise in prosecuting trafficking cases and provide recommendations to increase successful trafficking prosecutions.

Department of Justice, 2008. Attorney General’s Annual Report to Congress and Assessment of the U.S. Government Activities to Combat Trafficking in Persons Fiscal Year 2007
In response to the TVPRA of 2003, the Attorney General’s Office submitted this report which details US governmental activities (for fiscal year 2007) aimed at identifying and reducing human trafficking. The authors maintain that using a victim-centered approach is ideal in combating domestic human trafficking ad it is imperative to increase services and benefits to victims.

Weiner, N., and Hala, N., 2008. Measuring Human Trafficking: Lessons Learned from New York City
The New York Trafficking Assessment Project (NYCTAP) set out to improve the identification of trafficking victims, and produce reliable data in order to facilitate anti-trafficking prevention and intervention policies. This pilot project concludes with recommendations focused on improving victim identification, standardizing a victim screening tool, and validating a standardized victim screening tool.

Understanding and Improving Law Enforcement Response to Human Trafficking
Executive Summary
Full Report

In June, 2008 the Institute on Race and Justice at Northeastern University released the report Understanding and Improving Law Enforcement Responses to Human Trafficking. The report was funded by the Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice.