Non Government Reports

Final Report of the Evaluation of the First Offender Prostitution Program
Abt Associates recently conducted a two-year evaluation of San Francisco’s First Offender Prostitution Program (FOPP), designed to reduce the demand for commercial sex and human trafficking in San Francisco by educating “johns” arrested for soliciting prostitutes about the negative consequences of prostitution. The program is a partnership of the San Francisco District Attorney’s office, the San Francisco Police Department, and a local nonprofit organization, Standing Against Global Exploitation (SAGE). SAGE was founded by a survivor of commercial sexual exploitation who had previously worked as a street prostitute in San Francisco.

Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking: Clearwater, Florida, January 2008
This report, by Shared Hope International, researched the access and delivery of services to victims of domestic sex trafficking across the United States. Comprehensive surveys and interviews from October 2, 2007 to January 1, 2008, were used to identify the gaps challenges that arise when working with victims of sex trafficking, and bringing services to those victims in accordance with the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000. Key finding include: the encouragement of victims identified in prostitution to plead guilty, confused victims often perceived as uncooperative, and the insufficient prioritization by law enforcement in preventing sexual exploitation of minors who use false identification documents.

Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking: Las Vegas, Nevada, August 2007
Shared Hope International (SHI) details the access and delivery of services to victims of domestic sex trafficking, in Las Vegas, NV. Data collected from June 1-July 1, 2007 was used to create this assessment. The goal of this report is to provide first responders in the Las Vegas and Clark County areas with a detailed plan of action to build upon successful existing practices. Several key findings are presented, including: the misidentification of prostituted children, the need for increased prosecution, and the lack of safe and appropriate services and programs for victims.

Collateral Damage: The Impact of Anti-Trafficking Measures on Human Rights around the World
This chapter outlines significant shortcomings of the United States efforts to combat human trafficking. Such problems include: limited T-visas, low prosecution, failure to target the prevention of trafficking in children, and limited protection of victims. The chapter concludes stating that the rights of victims are overshadowed by law enforcement and the prosecutorial process. While the United States has made an effort to fight human trafficking it violates many minimum anti-trafficking standards to which it holds other countries.

Report from the US midterm review on the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in America
In April 2006, Shared Hope International partnered with ECPAT-USA and The Protection Project of the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies to host the U.S. Mid-Term Review on the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC) in America. This event brought together U.S. government agencies, service providers, academics, criminal justice agents, and victim advocates. The goal of the Mid-Term Review was to evaluate government, NGO and private industry initiatives to combat CSEC in the U.S. and to create steps for further action. A report presenting key findings from the U.S. Mid-Term Review was released on September 27, 2006 before the U.S. Helsinki Commission and will be presented at the Third World Congress on the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children on behalf of the United States.

Human Trafficking in California: Final Report of the California Alliance to Combat Trafficking and Slavery Task Force
This report details California’s efforts to fight human trafficking. In 2005 CA enacted its first anti-trafficking law, making trafficking in persons a felony, as well as establishing a Task Force to review CA’s response to human trafficking. Detailed are the results from the Task Force’s thorough analysis of the state’s actions against human trafficking.

A Comparative Study of Women Trafficked in the Migration Process
This two year research project, undertaken by a cross-cultural research team from each country, examines the structural factors that facilitate an increase in sex trafficking worldwide. Women who had been trafficked in the 5 countries were interviewed on topics such as methods of recruitment, violence, and health issues. This research demonstrates the necessity of prostitution in sex trafficking and makes several recommendations for policy initiatives.

Hidden Slaves Forced Labor in the United States
Documented in this report is the nature and scope of forced labor in the U.S. from 1998-2003. The adequacy of the U.S’s response to forced labor is addressed as well as numbers, demographic characteristics, and origins of victims. This study was conducted by researchers from Free the Slaves and the Human Rights Center of the University of California, Berkeley.

Florida Responds to Human Trafficking
Report undertaken by the Center for the Advancement of Human Rights, addressing the various forms of trafficking and the impacts it has on its victims. Trafficking in migrants for agricultural labor is addressed and efforts for a community coordinated response are outlined. Recommendations are targeted at cooperation between the state and federal levels, and community/social service organizations.