State Legislation

THIS PAGE IS IN THE PROCESS OF BEING UPDATED

Alabama
No bills on human trafficking have been introduced.

Alaska
No bills on human trafficking have been introduced.

Arkansas

  • SB 34: To allow the eviction of tenants who use their building or dwelling for prostitution purposes. Signed into law.
  • SB 464: To add prostituion to the list of crimes involved with child abuse and neglect.Signed into Law.

Arizona

  • HB 2148: “Human Trafficking; Violation” Expands the crime of sex trafficking to apply to all commercial sex acts or sexually-explicit performances, rather than prostitution.
  • HB 2151: “Human Trafficking Coordinating Council”
  • The human trafficking coordinating council is established in the office of the governor. The governor or the governor’s designee shall serve as chairperson. The coordinating council consists of the following members including homeland security, faith based organizations, non-profit organizations, and a multitude of others working together to develop recommendations in order to strengthen state and local efforts to prevent human trafficking, protect and assist victims, and prosecute traffickers.
  • HB 2152: “Human Trafficking; Liability; Victims Services” HB2152 states that any person who commits a human trafficking offense is civilly liable to the victim for actual damages, compensatory damages or punitive damages.
  • HB2347: To add sex trafficking and pandering as dangerous crimes punishable when committed against an incapacitated or vulnerable adult.
  • SB 1281: To Amend the defintion of human trafficking.

California

  • AB 16: To raise the penalties for soliciting someone under the age of 18 for an act of prostitution.
  • AB 17: To raise the financial prenalty for soliciting any person for prostitution and allow forfeitures of defendant. Requires each county to mandate local programs and funds for minors and victims and local police.
  • AB 559: To expand the scope of the defintion of human trafficking to include any person who causes, attempts, etc. a person under 18 to engage in commercial sex.
  • AB 988: To require proper language-appropriate information about U Visas to be provided to victims of human trafficking.
  • AB 1002: To create the Human Trafficking Trust Fund, and provide that forfeiture proceeds from human trafficking would be deposited in that fund, for use, upon appropriation by the Legislature, for the purpose of funding services for the victims of human trafficking, and for providing training to law enforcement and prosecutorial personnel to help combat human trafficking.
  • SB 557: To allow the court to forfeit any personal property of presons accused of human trafficking.
  • SB 657: To require retail stores to follow state and deferal laws regarding human trafficking. This bill also established the Commission to Combat Slavery and Human Trafficking.

Colorado

  • HB 1123: To define adult and child trafficking; to increase the penalty for child trafficking; remove the financial smuggling elementl add new elemets to the meaning of coercion for involuntary servitude.
  • HB 1238: To add buildings known for being used for housing or employing a victim of human trafficking to the list of buildings that may be forfeited.

Connecticut

  • HB 6671: To authorize the forfeiture of money and property used in the commission of the crime of prostitution, trafficking in persons, and commercial sexual exploitative activities of a minor and child pronography.
  • SB 76: To amend the general statute, the Connecticut Safe Harbor for Exploited Children Act, to presume a child charged with prostitution is a victim of human trafficking and therefore should not be criminally sanctioned. Also, requires the state tp provide social services to that child.

Delaware
No bills on human trafficking have been introduced.

District of Columbia

  • B 18-0700: To add the crime of human trafficking to the “dangerous crimes” state and allowing for increased vicitm funding and advocacy options; and require mandatory reporting of human trafficking crime by certain physicians and institution.

Florida

  • HB 811: To create a statewide task force and appropriate expenses.
  • S 168: To create a statewide task force on human trafficking within the governor’s office; require reporting by certain dates.
  • S 2288: To expand the requirements of the Department of Children and Family Services and family-centered practices.

Georgia

  • HB 582: To mandate the minimum age for prosecution of prostitution and masterbation for hire; This bill essentially decriminalizes the victim.
  • SB 69: To expand the defintion of child exploitation to be by “any person” not just the parent/guardian.
  • SB 91: To require an adult enterntainment surcharge that will then be used as victim compensation.

Hawaii

  • HB 69: To authorize forfeiture of a motor vehicle after a conviction for prostitution offense if the vehicle was used to commit the offense.
  • HB 70: To extend the time within which a claim must be brought for coercion into prostitution.

Idaho

  • H 182: To amend existing laws related to crimes against children with additional acts of injury (human trafficking, prostitution, and CSES aspects are included).This bill has died.

Illinois

  • HB 1110: To raise the penalties for criminal sexual assault against a minor.
  • HB 3676: To add to the defintion of “sex offenses” the crime of grooming and traveling to meet a minor.
  • HB 3962: To provide that any building used in the commission of aggravated child pornography, and other crimes, is a public nuisance.
  • SB 2007: To provide health care benefits for all victims of human trafficking.
  • SB 2028: To provide health care coverage for all victims of human trafficking.

Indiana

  • SB 345: To expand services to victims of human trafficking and sexual trafficking.

Iowa

  • HSB 74: To request a study of human trafficking and alters defintion.
  • SF 27: To ammend the defintion of “commercial sexual activity”: and raise the penalty for human trafficking involving a minor. Signed into law.

Kansas
No bills on human trafficking have been introduced.

Kentucky

  • SB 57: To add the “use of a communications system” to procure a minor to engage in sexual offenses to the definition of the crime.

Louisiana
No bills on human trafficking ahve been introduced.

Maine
No bills on human trafficking have been introduced.

Maryland

  • HB 542: Criminal Law-Inducing or Enticing: Amend the law prohibiting a person from knowlingly taking or placing someone in a place of prostitution.

Massachusetts

  • HB 1328: To create a law against human trafficking.

Michigan
No bills on human trafficking have been introduced.

Minnesota

  • HF 431: To establish sex trafficking as a separate crime from the promotion of prostitution.
  • HF 731: To create civil liability for labor and sex trafficking crimes.
  • HF 1163: To provide legal advocacy services for human traffickig victims.
  • HF 1461: To create training and public awareness initiatives on human trafficking.
  • HF 1475: To add to the Minnesota family investment program eligibility and waivers for human trafficking victims.
  • HF 1505: To indrease the sex trafficking criminal penalties and extend the crime of violence definition to include sex trafficking.
  • HF1514: To provide human trafficking victims toll-free hotline funding, money appropriated.
  • HF 1518: To authorize the Commissioner of Public Safety to gather, compile, and publish data on human trafficking every three years instead of yearly.
  • SF 1019 : To appropriate money for the Commissioner of Public Safety for a grant for ten weekly international trafficking screening clinics staffed by attorneys from a nonprofit organization to provide free legal, medical, dental, mental health, shelter and vocational counseling services and English language classes to state human trafficking victims.
  • SF 1048: To increase criminal penalties for certain sex trafficking offenses; provide housing and support services for victims of human trafficking, and technical training for judges, prosecutors, and law enforcement on human trafficking; increase public awareness on human trafficking and appropriate money.
  • SF 1050: To increase criminal penalties for certain sex trafficking offenses; provide enhanced penalties based on aggravating factors; modify employer retaliation prohibitions; include solicitiation, inducement, promotion of prostitution, and sex trafficking in the defintion of the crie of violence for felony convictions offenses.
  • SF 1101: To modify certain provisions and eligibility requirements under the Minnesota Family Investment Program (MFIP) for human trafficking victims; modify and clarify the defintion of human trafficking; providing waivers for human trafficking victims; require qualified participants to develop or revise the employment plan with a job counselor or county and person trained in human trafficking; providing hard-to-employ participants hardship extensions.
  • SF 1120: To require human trafficking notices to be posted for off-sale liquor and lodging establishment.
  • SF 1212: To expand human trafficking civil liability cause of action to include solicitation, inducement, and promotion of prostitution, repealing labor or sex trafficking civil liability.
  • SF 1264: To require the Commissioner of Public Safety to gather, compile, and publish data on human trafficking every three years instead of yearly.
  • SF 1271: To appropriate funds for human trafficking victims toll-free hotline.

Mississippi

  • HB 910: To amend the Anti-Human Trafficking Act to include the sale of a minor.
  • HB 1303: To prohibit the sale of children and provide penalties.

Missouri
No bills on human trafficking have been introduced.

Montana
No bills on human trafficking have been introduced.

Nebraska

  • LB 35: To adopt the Violence Prevention Act to prohibit human trafficking.

Nevada

  • AB 238: To mandate that person convicted of offenses involving pandering or prostitution of a child are subject to lifetime supervision.
  • AB 380: To provide for the freezing of assets of a person who commits offenses involving the pandering or prostitution of a child; imposing a civil penalty.
  • SB 369: Imposes a tax on the use of prostitution services and established the Office of Ombudsman for Sex Workers. (BDR 32-1228).

New Hampshire

  • HB 474: To prohibit trafficking in persons for the purposes of sexual or labor exploitation and making such offenses involving a person under 18 years of age subject to an extended term of imprisonment.

New Jersey

  • A 1983: To establish a 24-hour hotline for information concerning the crime of human trafficking.
  • A 3456: To provide for an extended term of imprisonment, supervision for life, an sex offender registration for the crime of human trafficking under certain circumstance.
  • A 296: To establish a 24-hour hotline for information concerning the crime of human trafficking, appropriates $75,000.
  • S 297: To provide for an extended term of imprisonment, supervision for life, and sex offender registration for the crime of human trfficking under certain circumstances.

New Mexico

  • HB 328: To provide for protection and assistance to human trafficking victimsl creating a cause of action for human trafficking victims; expanding state assistance and the duties of the task force to combat human trafficking; including human trafficking in the crime victims reparation act; making an appropriation.
  • SB 268: To provide assistance to human trafficking victims; create a cause of action for human trafficking victims; expand state assistance and the duties of the task force to combat human trafficking; including human trafficking in the crime victims reparation act.
  • SB 502: To require registration for additional sex offenses, including human trafficking of children under sixteen as a sex offense.

New York

  • AB 182: To enact Erin’s Act, includes promoting prostitution and disseminating indecent materials to minors.
  • A 6404: To require information on violence against women, including domestic violence and human trafficking, to be provided to foreign, prosepctive wives coming to this country.
  • A 6477:  To promote the education of the human trafficking information and referral hotline to assist persons in freeing themselves from severe acts of sex trafficking.
  • A 6535: To create the NY anti-trafficking task force to educate and empower police officers on human trafficking and on related offenses.
  • SB 1510: To enact Erin’s Act by banning the promotion of prostitution and disseminating indecent materials to minors.
  • S 2205: To enact the Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation Prevention Act; repealer.

North Carolina

  • S 353: To create the North Carolina human trafficking commission.

North Dakota

  • HB 1185: To create a new chapter to title 12.1 relating to human trafficking; providing a penalty.
  • SB 2209: Creating and enacting a new chpater relating to human trafficking racketeering defintions and registration of offenders against children and sexual offenders; providing a penalty.

Ohio
No bills on human trafficking have been introduced.

Oklahoma

  • HB 1840: To direct the OK State Bureau of Investigation (OSBI) to establish a Human Trafficking Services Unit; authorize OSBI to contract for certain services; direct efforts be made to provide protection to victims of human trafficking; provide for relocation services, authorize OSBI to contract with certain entities and receive federal funds.
  • SB 702: To add kidnapping to mandatory minimum sentencing; increasing penalty for kidnapping; providing an effective date; declaring an emergency.
  • SB 956: To add defintions regarding human trafficking; prohibit human trafficking; increase age of certain victims for purposes of certain punishments; provide for certain victims to bring civil action for actual and punitive damages; allow reasonable attorneys fees in certain civil action; allow civil action withough criminal action; set certain statute of limitations.

Oregon

  • HB 3079: To create defense to prostitution for person under 18 years of age; require district attorney or juvenile department to file dependancy petition when peson under 18 years of age engages in certain prostitution activities; authorize placement of person under 18 yers of age in protective custody of a shelter facility who provides services to trafficking victims.
  • SB 839: To include victims of human trafficking as persons eligible for Address Confidentiality Program; to provide protection for the victim; gives the AG authority to recognize persons subjected to severe persons of trafficking.
  • SB 840: To create a Task Force on Human Trafficking of 17 memebers to examine model state legislation and which is required to report to interim committee related to judiciary.
  • SB 841: To require the Director of Ecomnomic and Community Development Department to convene work groups to develop protocols for integrated delivery services to victims of trafficking in persons; specifying membership of work group.

Pennsylvania
No bills on human trafficking have been introduced.

Rhode Island

  • H 5044: To define the crime of prostitution to include any location, create punishments for individuals who attempt to procure the services of a prostitute, and define the crime of permitting prostitution within a premise. This act would take effect upon passage.
  • H 5350: To provide services and protections to victims of human trafficking.
  • H 5661: To mandate a fine of no less than forty thousand dollars and imprisonment for up to life for anyone found guilty of sex trafficking of a minor.
  • S 605: To mandate a fine of no less than forty thousand dollars and imprisonment for up to life for anyone found guilty of sex trafficking of a minor.

South Carolina
No bills on human trafficking have been introduced.

South Dakota

  • HB 1156: Failed

Tennessee
No bills on human trafficking have been introduced.

Texas

  • HB 530: To create and implement the training of law enforcement.
  • HB 533: To create civil liability for victims of trafficking
  • HB 628: To establish a human traffickig prevention task force and create a trafficking victim data base.
  • HB 639: To create the trafficking of persons investigation and prosecution account; alternatives to JV systems for children; creates a defense to prosecution for minorsl law enforcement training alternatives. Companion to SB 89.
  • SB 89: To create the trafficking of persons investigation and prosecution account; alternatives to JV system for children; creates a defense to prosecution for minors; law enforcement training provision.

Utah

  • HB 64: To authorize the Office of the Attorney General to administer and coordinate the operation of a multi-agency strike force to combat violent and other major felony crimes within the state associated with illegal immigration and human trafficking. Signed into law on 3/20/09.

Vermont
No bills on human trafficking have been introduced.

Virginia

  • HB 2016: To expand “abduction” to include abducting a person with the intent to subject the person to forced labor or services; redefining intimidation to include withholding a person’s passport or like documents; adding four new RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations) crime. Signed into law on 3/30/09.
  • SJ 412: To note the General Attorney’s concern regarding and repudiation of human trafficking in the commonwealth; request the Governor to call upon local governments, law enforcement, and the people of the Commonwealth, through appropriate awareness programs and efforts, to work cooperatively to eradicate human trafficking in Virgnia.

Washington

  • SB 5850: To mandate that the office of crime victims advocacy shall supply the commission with information on methods of recognizing victims of human trafficking, what services are available for these victims, and where to report potential trafficking situations; holding trainings at meetings.
  • SJM 8009: To request that the Department of Homeland Security and Congress examine the Federal T Visa program.
  • SR 8611: To recognize the National Day of Human Trafficking Awareness. Adopted 01/28/09.

West Virginia
No bills on human trafficking have been introduced.

Wisconsin
No bills on human trafficking have been introduced.

Wyoming
No bills on human trafficking have been introduced.

U.S. Territories

American Samoa
No bills on human trafficking have been introduced.

Commonwealth of Northern Mariana
No bills on human trafficking have been introduced.

Guam

  • 36 (COR): Adds a new chapter relating to combating human trafficking on Guam and to protect victims of human trafficking from sexual and economic exploitation.
  • 31 (COR): Adds a new chapter relating to the crime of trafficking.

The Republic of the Marshall Islands
No bills on human trafficking have been introduced.

Federated States of Micronesia
No bills on human trafficking have been introduced.

Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
No bills on human trafficking have been introduced.

Virgin Islands
No bills on human trafficking have been introduced.