We offer Biology graduate programs leading to: Ph.D. in Biology, M.S. in Biology, the M.S. in Bioinformatics, and in connection with the Biotechnology Initiative, The M.S. in Biotechnology–Molecular Track. The research-based Ph.D. and M.S. programs seek to provide both a broad background knowledge base and an in-depth study of a specialized area of biology. The programs emphasize close interaction between graduate students and faculty members in developing the intellectual and experimental skills required for creative, independent research. The Professional Science Masters Programs (Bioinformatics and Biotechnology) prepare students to enter the research management and technology transfer fields.