Thrust 3
Bulk Sensors & Sensor Systems

Thrust Leader: Carey Rappaport, Northeastern University

This thrust is focused on designing and implementing novel bulk sensors and multi-sensor detection systems, including optimization of millimeter wave-based sensing of anomalies under clothing to detect explosives on and within the human body. Both portal and standoff systems will be considered. A testbed will be used to develop and evaluate multi-modal sensors and algorithms for Advanced Imaging Technology (AIT), enabling experimentation, model-based reconstruction, and automatic threat detection of explosives.  We will investigate integration of trace and vapor detection sensors with bulk sensors into multi-modal AIT and standoff systems for explosives detection.  Improved algorithms for existing bulk sensor systems and multi-modal fusion systems will be investigated in Thrust R4.

Project Leaders

  • Carey M. Rappaport
    Professor
    Northeastern University
    Email

  • Jose A.Martinez-Lorenzo
    Research Professor
    Northeastern University
    Email

  • Samuel P. Hernandez-Rivera
    Professor
    UPRM
    Email

  • Michelle Espy
    Doctor
    Los Alamos National Lab
    Email


Faculty and Staff

  • Borja Gonzalez-Valdes
    Post Doctorate
    Northeastern
    Email

  • Leonardo C. Pacheco
    Post-Doc
    UPRM
    Email


Students

  • Galia Ghazi
    Northeastern university
  • Yolanda Rodriguez-Vaqueiro
    Northeastern University
  • Luis Tirado
    Northeastern
  • Pedro M. Fierro-Mercado
    UPRM
  • William Ortiz
    UPRM
  • Mike Collins
    NEU
  • Mike Woulfe
    NEU
  • Matthew Nickerson
    Northeastern University
  • Greg Allan
  • Tiphannie Zeng
    NEU
  • Nigil Lee
    NEU
  • Kitty Du
    NEU
  • Jenna Czech
    NEU
  • Alex Piers
    NEU
  • Thurston Brevett
    NEU
  • Diana Regalbuto
    NEU
  • Siddharth Velu
    NEU
  • Mohit Bhardwaj
    NEU
  • Shaan Patel
    NEU
  • Fast Multistatic Fourier-Based Forward and Inverse Operators for Compressive Sensing Imaging Rodriguez Vaqueiro, Y., Alvarez, Y., Gonzales-Valdes, B., Las-Heras, F., & Martinez-Lorenzo, J. A. AP-S 2015 - IEEE AP-S International Symposium 2015.
  • Consensus-Based Imaging using ADMM for a Compressive Reflector Antenna Heredia Juesas, J., Allan, G., Molaei, A., Tirado, L., Blackwell, W., & Martinez-Lorenzo, J. A. AP-S 2015 - IEEE AP-S International Symposium 2015.
  • Imaging Effectiveness of Multistatic Radar for Human Body Imaging Gonzales-Valdes, B., Rappaport, C., Martinez-Lorenzo, J. A., Alvarez, T., & Las-Heras, F. 2015 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation & USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, pp. 681-682 2015.
  • Identifying Weak Dielectric Objects on Conductive Surfaces in Millimeter-Wave Imaging Brevett, T., Gonzales-Valdes, B., & Rappaport, C. 2015 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, pp. 683-684 2015.
  • Ray Tracing for Simulation of Millimeter Wave Whole Body Imaging Systems Williams, K., Tirado, L., Chen, Z., Gonzalez-Valdes, B., Martinez-Lorenzo, J. A., & Rappaport, C. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 63(12), pp. 5913-5918 2015. DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2015.2486801.
  • Millimeter Wave Imaging Architecture for On-The-Move Whole Body Imaging Gonzales-Valdes, B., Alvarez, Y., Rodriquez-Vaquiero, Y., Arboleya-Arboleya, A., Garcia-Pino, A., Rappaport, C., Las-Heras, F., & Martinez-Lorenzo, J. A. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 64(6), pp. 2328-2338 2016. DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2016.2539372.
  • Improving Security Screening: A Comparison of Multistatic Radar Configurations for Human Body Imaging Gonzalez-Valdes, B., Alvarez, Y., Mantzavinos, S., Rappaport, C. M., Las-Heras, F., & Martinez-Lorenzo, J. A. IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, Vol. PP, No. 99, pp. 1-1 2016. DOI: 10.1109/MAP.2016.2569447.
  • Improved SAR Imaging Contour Extraction Using Smooth Sparsity-Driven Regularization Ghazi, G., Rappaport, C., & Martinez-Lorenzo, J. A. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 266-269 2016.
  • Characterization of α- and β-RDX Polymorphs in Crystalline Deposits on Stainless Steel Substrates Figueroa-Navedo, A.M., Ruiz-Caballero, J.L., Pacheo-Londoño, L.C. & Hernández-Rivera, S.P. Crystal Growth & Design 2016. DOI: 10.1021/acs.cgd.6b00078.
  • Detection of Highly Energetic Materials on Non-Reflective Substrates Using Quantum Cascade Laser Spectroscopy Castro-Suarez., J.R., Hidalgo-Santiago, M., & Hernández-Rivera, S.P. Appl. Spectrosc. 69(9) pp. 1023 - 1035 2015. DOI 10.1366/14-07626.
  • Fabrication of Columnar Sub-Microstructures Using a Q-Switched Nd:YAG Laser in the Nanosecond Time Regime Castellanos, J., Betancourt-Pagan, S. A., Robledo-Ortiz, E. J., Pacheco-Londoño, L. C., De Jesús, M. A., & Hernández-Rivera, S. P. Journal of Laser Micro/Nanoengineering, 10(3), pp. 263 - 268 2015. DOI: 10.2961/jlmn.2015.03.0005.
  • Three-Dimensional Compressed Sensing-Based Millimeter-Wave Imaging Alvarez, Y., Rodruguez-Vaqueiro, Y., Gonzalez-Valdes, B., Rappaport, C., Las-Heras, F., & Martinez-Lorenzo, J. A. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propogation, 63(12), pp. 5868 - 5873 2015. DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2015.2481487.
  • Ray Tracing Simulation Tool for Portal-Based Millimeter-Wave Security Systems Using the NVIDIA® OptiX™ Ray Tracing Engine Williams, K., Tirado, L., Chen, Z., Gonzalez-Valdes, B., Martinez-Lorenzo, J.A., & Rappaport, C.M. IEEE International Antennas and Propagation Symposium, Memphis, TN, 6-11 July 2014, pp. 167. 2014.
  • A GPU Implementation of the Inverse Fast Multipole Method for Multi-Bistatic Imaging Applications Tirado, L., Ghazi, G., Martinez-Lorenzo, J.A., Rappaport, C., Alvarez, Y., & Las-Heras, F. IEEE International Antennas and Propagation Symposium, Memphis, TN, 6-11 July 2014. 2014.
  • Standoff detection of security threats using Passive Reflecting Surfaces and Compressive Sensing techniques Rodriguez-Vaqueiro, Y., & Martinez-Lorenzo, J.A. IEEE International Antennas and Propagation Symposium, Memphis, TN, 6-11 July 2014. 2014.
  • Advanced Portal-Based Multistatic MillimeterWave Radar Imaging for Person Security Screening Rappaport, C., González-Valdés, B., & Martínez-Lorenzo, J. A. IEEE International Carnahan Conference on Security Technology, Rome, Italy, 14 October 2014, 3 pages. 2014.
  • Multistatic Nearfield Imaging Radar for Portal Security Systems Using a High Gain Toroidal Reflector Antenna Rappaport, C., & González-Valdés, B. EuCAP 2015 — VIII European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, Lisbon, Portugal, April 2015, 2 pages. 2015.
  • A Hybrid SAR – Model Based Method for High Resolution Imaging Gonzalez-Valdes, B., Martinez-Lorenzo, J.A., Rappaport, C.M., Alvarez Lopez, Y., & Las-Heras Andres, F IEEE International Antennas and Propagation Symposium, Memphis, TN, 6-11 July 2014, pp. 653 – 654. 2014.
  • On-the-Move Active Millimeter Wave Interrogation System Using a Hallway of Multiple Transmitters and Receivers Gonzalez-Valdes, B., Martinez-Lorenzo, J. A., & Rappaport, C. IEEE International Antennas and Propagation Symposium, Memphis, TN, 6-11 July 2014, pp. 1107-1108. 2014.
  • On-the-Move Millimeter Wave Imaging System Using Multiple Transmitters and Receivers Gonzalez-Valdes, B., Álvarez-Lopez, Y., Gutierrez-Meana, J., Rappaport, C., Las-Heras, F., Garcia-Pino, A., & Martinez-Lorenzo, J.A EuCAP 2015 — VIII European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, Lisbon, Portugal, April 2015, 2 pages. 2015.
  • Coherent Image Formation and Calibration for Multi-Bistatic Radar Configurations Ghazi, G., Tirado, L., Rappaport, C., & Martinez-Lorenzo, J.A. IEEE International Antennas and Propagation Symposium, Memphis, TN, 6-11 July 2014. 2014.
  • Multistatic Fourier-based Technique for Radar Systems Álvarez, Y., Rodriguez-Vaqueiro, Y., Gonzalez-Valdes, B., Mantzavinos, S., Rappaport, C., Las-Heras, F., & Martínez-Lorenzo, J. A. EuCAP 2015 — VIII European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, Lisbon, Portugal, April 2015, 2 pages. 2015.
  • On the Use of Passive Reflecting Surfaces and Compressive Sensing Techniques for Detecting Security Threats at Standoff Distances Rodriguez-Vaqueiro, Y., & Martinez-Lorenzo, J.A. International Journal on Antennas and Propagation, 2014, Article ID 248351, 2 July 2014, 8 pages. DOI:10.1155/2014/248351 2014.
  • On the Combination of SAR and Model Based Techniques for High-Resolution Real-Time Two-Dimensional Reconstruction Gonzalez-Valdes, B., Alvarez, Y., Martinez-Lorenzo, J.A., Las-Heras, F., & Rappaport, C. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 62(10), October 2014, pp. 5180–5189. DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2014.2346203. 2014.
  • Standoff Detection of Highly Energetic Materials by Laser Induced Thermal Excitation of Infrared Emission Galán-Freyle, N.J., Pacheco-Londoño, L.C., Figueroa-Navedo, A., & Hernández-Rivera, S.P. Applied Spectroscopy, 69(5), May 2015, pp. 535-544. 2015.
  • Chemometrics Enhanced Laser Induced Thermal Emission Detection of PETN and RDX. Figueroa-Navedo, A.M., Galán-Freyle, N.Y., Pacheco-Londoño, L.C., & Hernández-Rivera, S.P. “Chemometrics Enhanced Laser Induced Thermal Emission Detection of PETN and RDX.” 2015. Journal of Chemometrics, 29(6), June 2015, pp. 329- 337. DOI: 10.1002/cem.2704 2015.
  • Fourier-Based Imaging for Multistatic Radar Systems Alvarez, Y., Rodriguez-Vaqueiro, Y., Gonzalez- Valdes, B., Matzavinos, S., Rappaport, C.M., Las-Heras, F., & Martinez-Lorenzo, J.A. IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, 62(8), August 2014, pp. 1798–1810. DOI: 10.1109/TMTT.2014.2332307 2014.
  • SAR Imaging-Based Techniques for Low Permittivity Lossless Dielectric Bodies Characterization Alvarez, Y., Gonzalez-Valdes, B., Martinez-Lorenzo, J.A., Las-Heras, F., & Rappaport, C.M. Antennas and Propagation Magazine, 57(2), April 2015, pp. 267 - 276. 2015.
  • Microorganisms detection on substrates using QCL spectroscopy Padilla Jiménez, A. C. Ortiz-Rivera, W., Castro Suarez, J. R., Ríos-Velázquez, C. Vazquez-Ayala, I. Hernandez-Rivera, S. P., Proc. SPIE, Vol. 8710, Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosives (CBRNE) Sensing XIV, 2013.